Appendix:Filipino surnames

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This appendix lists the most common surnames in the Philippines per 2014 data collected by Forebears, a genealogical database and research aid. The number of bearers are given on the 100 most common listed surnames. The Forebears surname database may include or not include diacritics on certain surnames, and treats "San/Santa/Santo" as lowercase. (As of 2017, Forebears is the only available resources for common surname statistics, but its factuality is in question for several countries. The Philippine Statistics Authority provided a list of surnames as of 2018, but it only includes the top 5, and is still not releasing a full list of common surnames.)

The majority of surnames are of Spanish origin, but with the exception of the "n" with tilde (ñ), all have the accents in the original Spanish removed, reflecting American colonial influence from occupation between 1898 and 1946, so, forms like Enríquez, Espíritu, de Jesús, Concepción, Guzmán, Chávez, Beltrán and Ibáñez became the contemporary Enriquez, Espiritu, de Jesus, Concepcion, Guzman, Chavez, Beltran and Ibañez, respectively.

Aside from Spanish, Chinese (especially Hokkien) provides also many common surnames, such as Tan, Lim, and Ong. Local languages, such as Tagalog proper (e.g. Manalo, Galang, Panganiban), Kapampangan (e.g. Pangilinan, Cunanan, Umali), Cebuano (e.g. Magbanua, Cabahug, Tupas), and Hiligaynon (e.g. Baluyot, Banaag), also provide several common surnames. Other Iberian languages, such as Galician (e.g. Ocampo, Cariño, Figueroa), Basque (e.g. Legaspi, Guevarra, Gamboa), Catalan (e.g. Abella, Espina, Balmes), and Portuguese (e.g. Pimentel) are also a source of many other Filipino surnames.

Alphabetical list[edit]

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Most common[edit]

Of the top 100 surnames listed below, Chinese surnames (e.g. Tan, Lim, Chua, Ong, Dizon) and Spanish surnames (dela Cruz, Bautista, Villanueva, de Leon, Soriano) are the most predominant, with surnames from Italian (usually city names with associations with saints, like Aquino, Tolentino, etc.), Galician (e.g. Ocampo), Tagalog (Manalo, Galang, Panganiban, Mallari), Basque (e.g. Salazar, Legaspi, Vergara, Guevarra, Arellano), Kapampangan (Pangilinan, Canlas), and Catalan (Abella), following behind.

The large number of Chinese surnames are a result of Chinese immigration, especially in the colonial era. Single-syllable surnames are of recent migrations, but multisyllabic surnames (e.g. Dizon, Quiambao, Tiangco, Cojuangco) are of the early Chinese immigrants, usually the Sangleys. Spanish surnames are predominant as a colonial legacy, with many of them are those listed in the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos (1849), but others are already used, with several soon became prohibited, such as dela Cruz, because of high prevalence. Basque and Catalan surnames are also by colonial influence, as sources of permitted surnames in the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos. Yet, surnames in local languages also existed, many being in the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos, also including surnames with offensive meanings, such as the Cebuano Bayot ("homosexual"), and a few becoming prohibited, mostly for being associated with the Maharlikas (the Filipino noble class).

Keys

  • * = of Spanish origin (includes Christian surnames, given names as surnames, patronymic surnames, toponymic/habitational surnames and several Spanish words used as surnames)
  • ** = of Catalan, Galician, Basque, and Portuguese origin
  • *** = of Chinese origin (usually from Hokkien)
  • **** = of native origin (includes surnames from many Philippine languages)

Parentheses indicate number of individuals with the surname, and percentage of prevalence, based on population figures from the 2015 Philippine Census, which records 100,981,437)

Philippine Statistics Authority[edit]

This is an incomplete list of the most common surnames in the Philippines, based on a partial count of registered births in 2016.

  1. Dela Cruz (including dela Cruz, de la Cruz, and Delacruz)
  2. Garcia
  3. Reyes
  4. Ramos
  5. Mendoza

Forebears 2014[edit]

1. Tan *** (532,577, 0,53%)
2. dela Cruz * (512,806, 0.5%)
3. Bautista * (425,791, 0,42%)
4. Lim *** (415,802, 0.41%)
5. Villanueva * (356,834, 0.35%)
6. Chua *** (296,642, 0.29%)
7. Aquino * (271,122, 0.27%)
8. de Leon * (232,841, 0.23%)
9. Ong *** (213,894, 0.21%)
10. delos Santos/delos Reyes/delos Angeles * (205,903, 0.20%)
11. Francisco *
12. Tolentino ****
13. Mercado *
14. Soriano *
15. Dizon ***
16. Sy ***
17. Domingo *
18. del Rosario *
19. Javier *
20. Ocampo **
21. Manalo ****
22. Template:Timcang ***
23. Miranda *
24. Yap ***
25. Sarmiento *
26. Yu ***
27. Pineda *
28. Angeles *
29. Evangelista *
30. Cortez * (123,864, 0.12%)
31. Ang ***
32. Salvador *
33. Salazar **
34. de Jesus *
35. Alcantara *
36. Medina *
37. Espiritu *
38. Sison ***
39. Antonio *
40. Rosales *
41. Valencia *
42. Padilla *
43. Corpuz *
44. Concepcion *
45. Fajardo *
46. Manuel *
47. Mariano *
48. Legaspi **
49. Samson ***
50. Vergara **
51. Trinidad *
52. Ignacio *
53. de Vera *
54. Atienza *
55. Peralta
56. Bernardo *
57. Roxas *
58. Guzman *
59. Galang ***
60. de Castro *
61. Agustin *
62. Briones *
63. Guevarra **
64. Chavez *
65. Esguerra *
66. Borja *
67. Luna *
68. Robles *
69. Roque *
70. Panganiban ****
71. Abad *
72. Mallari ****
73. Pangilinan ****
74. Estrada *
75. Sevilla *
76. Lao ***
77. Austria *
78. Villegas *
79. Gonzaga *
80. Pascua *
81. Asuncion *
82. Zamora *
83. Valenzuela *
84. Arellano **
85. Espinosa *
86. Ilagan ****
87. Magno *
88. Tamayo **
89. Beltran *
90. Marasigan ****
91. Carlos *
92. Fernando *
93. Gamboa **
94. Estrella *
95. Canlas ****
96. Tuazon ***
97. Abella **
98. Solis *
99. Rosario *
100. de la Cruz *
101. Tiu ***
102. Cunanan ****
103. Villa *
104. Palma *
105. Natividad *
106. Nicolas *
107. Galvez *
108. Gabriel *
109. Ledesma *
110. Buenaventura *
111. Villamor *
112. Dela Cruz *
113. Marcelo *
114. Gregorio *
115. Cordero *
116. Carreon *
117. Umali ****
118. dela Rosa *
119. Andres *
120. Bartolome *
121. Mateo *
122. Lazaro *
123. Geronimo *
124. Carpio *
125. Baltazar *
126. dela Peña *
127. San Juan *
128. Sales **
129. Ventura *
130. Avila *
131. Lacson ***
132. Crisostomo *
133. Custodio *
134. Toledo *
135. Ponce *
136. Velasquez *
137. So *
138. Rey *
139. Clemente *
140. Salcedo *
141. Ng ***
142. Punzalan ****
143. Ching ***
145. Ancheta **
146. Cariño **
147. Sia **
148. Jacinto *
149. Aguirre **
150. Feliciano *
151. Cuevas *
152. Cañete *
153. Manzano *
154. Villar *
155. Constantino *
156. Lucero *
157. Viray ****
158. Santillan *
159. Miguel *
160. Ronquillo *
161. Bernal *
162. Borromeo *
163. Franco *
164. Alonzo *
165. Bondoc ****
166. Cristobal *
167. Sebastian *
168. Arevalo *
169. Villareal *
170. Alfonso *
171. Camacho *
172. Bernabe *
173. Espina **
174. Pangan ****
175. Calderon *
176. Raymundo *
177. Apostol *
178. Bonifacio *
179. Aguila *
180. Castañeda *
181. Samonte ****
182. Eugenio *
183. dela Torre *
184. Quinto
185. Ybañez *
186. Ballesteros *
187. Pablo *
188. Roldan *
189. Cervantes *
190. Teves *
191. Mejia *
192 Bustamante *
193. Nepomuceno *
194. Quiambao ***
195. Adriano *
196.Espino *
197. del Mundo *
198. Oliveros *
199. Lozada *
200. Dionisio *

Others[edit]

The following are commonly perceived as the most common Filipino surnames. The top 10 is usually cited to be the most prevalent. This list is based on stats extrapolated from data of several common Filipino surnames as listed on the 2010 US Census. Most surnames here are also prevalent among Spanish-speaking cultures.

1. Reyes *
2. Santos *
3. Cruz *
4. Garcia *
5. Ramos *
6. Mendoza **
7. dela Cruz/Dela Cruz/de la Cruz *
8. Bautista *
9. Fernandez ***
10. Flores *
11. Lopez *
12. de Guzman/De Guzman *
13. Gonzales *
14. Rivera *
15. Perez *
16. Aquino *
17. Villanueva*
18. de Leon/De Leon *
19. Castillo*
20. Castro*
21. Martinez *
22. Torres *
23. Hernandez *
24. Rodriguez *
25. David *
26. Domingo *
27. Sanchez *
28. Santiago *
29. Ramirez *
30. Dizon ***

Top 1000[edit]

Main article: Appendix:Tagalog surnames (1-1000)