Appendix:Finnish nominal inflection/nalle

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
KOTUS type 8 (nalle) NSK type 9 (nalle)

Nominals ending with -e; consonant gradation possible.

This simplest form of -e declension is used for personal names, and some nouns representing a form of person (such as nalle – teddybear, nukke – doll, pelle – clown, itse – self). Other -e nominals mainly use the declension type hame.

Partitive ending -a/ and genitive plural ending -en. The declension is the same as valo, except that the alternative genitive plural ending -n is rare, rather than obsolete.

Basic declension without consonant gradation[edit]

back vowels
(contains a, o or u)
front vowels
(no a, o or u)
personal name
back vowels
Inflection of Finnish nominal inflection/nalle (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative nalle nallet
genitive nallen nallejen
partitive nallea nalleja
illative nalleen nalleihin
singular plural
nominative nalle nallet
accusative nom.? nalle nallet
gen. nallen
genitive nallen nallejen
nalleinrare
partitive nallea nalleja
inessive nallessa nalleissa
elative nallesta nalleista
illative nalleen nalleihin
adessive nallella nalleilla
ablative nallelta nalleilta
allative nallelle nalleille
essive nallena nalleina
translative nalleksi nalleiksi
instructive nallein
abessive nalletta nalleitta
comitative nalleineen
Inflection of Finnish nominal inflection/nalle (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative pelle pellet
genitive pellen pellejen
partitive pelleä pellejä
illative pelleen pelleihin
singular plural
nominative pelle pellet
accusative nom.? pelle pellet
gen. pellen
genitive pellen pellejen
pelleinrare
partitive pelleä pellejä
inessive pellessä pelleissä
elative pellestä pelleistä
illative pelleen pelleihin
adessive pellellä pelleillä
ablative pelleltä pelleiltä
allative pellelle pelleille
essive pellenä pelleinä
translative pelleksi pelleiksi
instructive pellein
abessive pellettä pelleittä
comitative pelleineen
Inflection of Finnish nominal inflection/nalle (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative Hannele Hannelet
genitive Hannelen Hannelejen
partitive Hannelea Hanneleja
illative Hanneleen Hanneleihin
singular plural
nominative Hannele Hannelet
accusative nom.? Hannele Hannelet
gen. Hannelen
genitive Hannelen Hannelejen
Hanneleinrare
partitive Hannelea Hanneleja
inessive Hannelessa Hanneleissa
elative Hannelesta Hanneleista
illative Hanneleen Hanneleihin
adessive Hannelella Hanneleilla
ablative Hannelelta Hanneleilta
allative Hannelelle Hanneleille
essive Hannelena Hanneleina
translative Hanneleksi Hanneleiksi
instructive Hannelein
abessive Hanneletta Hanneleitta
comitative Hanneleineen

Consonant gradation[edit]

Summary[edit]

grade kk → k pp → p tt → t
nominative strong nukke jeppe ringette
genitive weak nuken jepen ringeten
partitive strong nukkea jepp ringett
elative weak nukesta jepestä ringetestä
illative strong nukkeen jeppeen ringetteen

Complete declension example with consonant gradation (kk → k)[edit]

Inflection of Finnish nominal inflection/nalle (Kotus type 8/nalle, kk-k gradation)
nominative nukke nuket
genitive nuken nukkejen
partitive nukkea nukkeja
illative nukkeen nukkeihin
singular plural
nominative nukke nuket
accusative nom.? nukke nuket
gen. nuken
genitive nuken nukkejen
nukkeinrare
partitive nukkea nukkeja
inessive nukessa nukeissa
elative nukesta nukeista
illative nukkeen nukkeihin
adessive nukella nukeilla
ablative nukelta nukeilta
allative nukelle nukeille
essive nukkena nukkeina
translative nukeksi nukeiksi
instructive nukein
abessive nuketta nukeitta
comitative nukkeineen