Appendix:Latin third conjugation

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The Latin third conjugation has an infinitive ending in '-ere'.
Some third conjugation verbs include an i in the stem, which is included before the ending in present, future, imperfect active and passive (not future passive, there is no i stem, it is only e stem rego for example) except for the 2nd person singular present passive.

Example[edit]

legō, legere, lēxī, lēctus to read

Active Indicative[edit]

Present[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legō I read legimus We read
2nd legis You read legitis You (pl.) read
3rd legit He/she/it reads legunt They read

Imperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legēbam I was reading legēbāmus We were reading
2nd legēbās You were reading legēbātis You (pl.) were reading
3rd legēbat He/she/it was reading legēbant They were reading

Future[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legam I will read legēmus We will read
2nd legēs You will read legētis You (pl.) will read
3rd leget He/she/it will read legent They will read

Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēgī I have read lēgimus We have read
2nd lēgistī You have read lēgistis You (pl.) have read
3rd lēgit He/she/it has read lēgērunt They have read

Pluperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēgeram I had read lēgerāmus We had read
2nd lēgerās You had read lēgerātis You (pl.) had read
3rd lēgerat He/she/it had read lēgerant They had read

Future Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēgerō I will have read lēgerimus We will have read
2nd lēgeris You will have read lēgeritis You (pl.) will have read
3rd lēgerit He/she/it will have read lēgerint They will have read

Passive Indicative[edit]

Present[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legor I am read legimur We are read
2nd legeris You are read legiminī You (pl.) are read
3rd legitur It is read leguntur They are read

Imperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legēbar I was read legēbāmur We were read
2nd legēbāris You were read legēbāminī You (pl.) were read
3rd legēbātur It was read legēbantur They were read

Future[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legar I will be read legēmur We will be read
2nd legēris You will be read legēminī You (pl.) will be read
3rd legētur He/she/it will be read legentur They will be read

Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēctus sum I have been read lēctī sumus We have been read
2nd lēctus es You have been read lēctī estis You (pl.) have been read
3rd lēctus est He has been read lēctī sunt They have been read

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Pluperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēctus eram I had been read lēctī erāmus We had been read
2nd lēctus erās You had been read lēctī erātis You (pl.) had been read
3rd lēctus erat He had been read lēctī erant They had been read

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Future perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēctus erō I will have been read lēctī erimus We will have been read
2nd lēctus eris You will have been read lēctī eritis You (pl.) will have been read
3rd lēctus erit He will have been read lēctī erunt They will have been read

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Active subjunctive[edit]

Present[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legam I may read legāmus we may read
2nd legās You may read legātis You (pl.) may read
3rd legat He/she/it may read legant They may read

Imperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legerem I should read legerēmus we should read
2nd legerēs You would read legerētis You (pl.) would read
3rd legeret He/she/it would read legerent They would read

Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēxerim I may have read lēxerīmus we may have read
2nd lēxerīs You may have read lēxerītis You (pl.) may have read
3rd lēxerit He/she/it may have read lēxerint They may have read

Pluperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēxissem I should have read lēxissēmus we should have read
2nd lēxissēs You would have read lēxissētis You (pl.) would have read
3rd lēxisset He/she/it would have read lēxissent They would have read

Passive subjunctive[edit]

Present[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legar I may be read legāmur we may be read
2nd legāris You may be read legāminī You (pl.) may be read
3rd legātur He/she/it may be read legantur They may be read

Imperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legerer I should be read legerēmur we should be read
2nd legerēris You would be read legerēminī You (pl.) would be read
3rd legerētur He/she/it would be read legerentur They would be read

Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēctus sim I may have been read lēctī sīmus we may have been read
2nd lēctus sīs You may have been read lēctī sītis You (pl.) may have been read
3rd lēctus sit He/she/it may have been read lēctī sint They may have been read

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Pluperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lēctus essem I should have been read lēctī essēmus we should have been read
2nd lēctus essēs You would have been read lēctī essētis You (pl.) would have been read
3rd lēctus esset He/she/it would have been read lēctī essent They would have been read

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Imperative[edit]

Active[edit]

Lege! - (sing.) Read!
Legite! - (pl.) Read!

Passive[edit]

Legere! - (sing.) Be read!
Legiminī - (pl.) Be read!

Gerunds[edit]

Infinitives and Participles[edit]

Act. Inf. - Legere
Pass. Inf. - Legi
Act. Perf. Inf. - Legisse
Pres. Part. - Legens
Fut. Part. - Lecturus

Participles Pres. Act. legens


Related topics[edit]