Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/ǵ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*ǵebʰ- jaw Lith. žebiu, Ltv. zebiekste, Czech žábra, Gm. kivel/Kiefer, Eng. ceafl/jowl, ON keptr, Av. zafar
*ǵenh₁- to give birth Gk. γένος (genos); gónos; gígnesthai, Lat. genus; gigno, Eng. cyn/kin; cyning/king; kind, Gm. kind/Kind; kuning/König, Russ. зять (zjat'), Polish zieć, Av. zīzənti, Skr. जाति (jāti); jánati; jánas, Kamviri zut, Thrac. zenis, Phryg. cin, Ir. cinim/geinim, Goth. kuni, Lith. gentìs, Ltv. znots, Welsh geni; cen; angen, Gaul. Cintugnātus, Pers. zāēdan, Hitt. genzu, Arm. ծին (cin), Toch. kän/kän, Osc. Genetaí, Umb. natine, OCS zętĭ
*ǵews- taste Lat. dēgūnō; gustare, Goth. kiusan, Gm. kiosan/kiesen, Skr. जुषते (juṣate), Av. zaošō, Alb. dua/due, Eng. ceosan/choose, OPers. dauš, OIr. gus; do-goa; asagussim, Gk. γεύομαι (geúomai)
*ǵneh₃- to know, to recognise OCS знати (znati), Russ. знать (znat'), Polish znać, Lith. žinóti, Ltv. zināt, OPruss. posinnāts, Skr. जानाति (jānāti), Kashmiri zānun, Av. paitizānənti, OPers. xšnāsātiy, Osset. zon, Goth. kunnan; kannjan, Gm. kunnan/können; irchennan/kennen, ON kunna; kenna, Eng. cnāwan/know, Toch. knān/nān, OIr. gnáth; gnás; itar-gninim, Welsh gnawd; (g)naws, Umb. naratu, Lat. (g)noscō, Gk. γιγνώσκω (gignōskō), Alb. njeh, Hitt. kanes, Arm. ծանաւթ (canawtʿ)
*ǵerh₂- to mature Lat. granum, Ir. grán, Welsh grawn, OCS зрьно (zrĭno), Czech zrno, Russ. зерно (zerno), Polish ziarno, Lith. žìrnis, Ltv. zirnis, OPruss. syrne, Goth. kaúrn, Gm. kerno/Korn, Eng. corn