Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/ǵʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*ǵʰelh₃- to shine Lat. helvus; fel, Lith. gelta; žalias; želta, Ltv. dzeltens; zaļš; zelts, Russ. жёлтый; зелёный; золото (žëltyj; zelënyj; zoloto), Gm. gelo/gelb; gold/Gold, Phryg. zelkia, Eng. geolu/yellow; gold/gold, Alb. dhelpër/dhelpën, Welsh gwelw, Ir. gel/gealach, Polish żółty; zielony; złoto, Gk. χλωρός (khlōrós), ON gulr; gull, Pers. /zard; daraniya/, Av. zaray; zaranya, Goth. gulþ, Skr. हरि (hári); हिरण्य (hiraṇya), Old Prussian gelatynan; saligan; sealtmeno, OCS злато (zlato); зєлєнъ (zelenŭ)
*ǵʰer- bowels Lat. hernia, Skr. हिर (híra), Gk. χορδή (khordḗ), ON gǫrn, Gm. garn/Garn, Eng. gearn/yarn, Arm. ձառ (jaṙ), Lith. žarna, Ltv. zarna, Hitt. karat, Alb. zorrë
*ǵʰer- to enclose Lith. gardas; žardas, Ltv. zārds, Phryg. gordum, Lat. hortus, Skr. हरति (harati), Welsh garth, Eng. geard/yard, Gm. garto/Garten, ON garðr, Gk. χόρτος (khórtos), Ir. gort, Oscan herííad, Gaul. gorto, Hitt. gurtas, Goth. garda, Alb. gardh, Russ. город (gorod), Toch. /kerccī, Avest. gərədha
*ǵʰers- rigid Alb. derr, Skr. हर्षते (harate), Av. zaršayamna, Arm. ձար (jar), Gk. χέρσος (khersos), Lat. horrēo, Ir. garb/garbh, Welsh garw, Eng. gorst/
*ǵʰew- pour Lat. fūtis; fundo, Gk. χύνω (khunō); khylós, Skr. जुहोति (juhóti), Goth. giutan, Gm. giozan/giessen, Eng. guttas/gut, ON gjóta, Arm. ձեւ (jew), ձոյլ (joyl), Av. zaotar, Pers. zōr, Toch. kutär/ku, Welsh gewai, Alb. dyllë, Phryg. Zeuman; *ǵʰutós (poured, libated)
*ǵʰwel- to bend Ltv. nuožvelnus, Ltv. zvelt, Russ. злой (zloj), Polish zły, Skr. ह्वरति (hvarati), Av. zbarəmnəm, Pers. /zūr
*ǵʰwen- to sound OCS звонъ (zvonŭ), Russ. звон (zvon), Arm. ձայն (jayn), Alb. zë/zâ, Toch. ka/kene, Polish dzwon, Lith. žvengti, Ltv. zviegt
*ǵʰwer- beast Lat. ferus, OCS звѣрь (zvěrĭ), Russ. зверь (zver'), Lith. žvėris. Ltv. zvērs, Gk. θήρ (thēr), Polish zwierzę, Old Prussian swīrins, Toch. śaru/śerwe
*ǵʰey- winter Skr. हिम (himá), हेमन्त (hemantá), Lat. hiems, Gk. χεῖμα (kheîma), Gaul. Giamillus, OCS зима (zima), Russ. зима (zima), Polish zima, Lith. žiema, Ltv. ziema, Old Prussian semo, Av. zimo, Arm. ձմեռն (jmeṙn), Alb. dimër/dimën, Kamviri z, Pers. /زمستان (zemestān), Toch. śärme/śimpriye, Welsh gaeaf, Ir. gamh/geimhreadh, Hitt. 𒄀𒈠𒀭 (giman), ON gói, Pers. dai, Eng. gamol/