Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/ǵʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*ǵʰelh₃- to shine Lat. helvus; fel, Lith. gelta; žalias; želta, Ltv. dzeltens; zaļš; zelts, Russ. жёлтый; зелёный; золото (žëltyj; zelënyj; zoloto), Gm. gelo/gelb; gold/Gold, Phryg. zelkia, Eng. geolu/yellow; gold/gold, Alb. dhelpër/dhelpën, Welsh gwelw, Ir. gel/gealach, Polish żółty; zielony; złoto, Gk. χλωρός ‎(khlōrós), ON gulr; gull, Pers. /zard; daraniya/, Av. zaray; zaranya, Goth. gulþ, Skr. हरि ‎(hári); हिरण्य ‎(hiraṇya), Old Prussian gelatynan; saligan; sealtmeno, OCS злато ‎(zlato); зєлєнъ ‎(zelenŭ)
*ǵʰer- bowels Lat. hernia, Skr. हिर ‎(híra), Gk. χορδή ‎(khordḗ), ON gǫrn, Gm. garn/Garn, Eng. gearn/yarn, Arm. ձառ ‎(jaṙ), Lith. žarna, Ltv. zarna, Hitt. karat, Alb. zorrë
*ǵʰer- to enclose Lith. gardas; žardas, Ltv. zārds, Phryg. gordum, Lat. hortus, Skr. हरति (harati), Welsh garth, Eng. geard/yard, Gm. garto/Garten, ON garðr, Gk. χόρτος (khórtos), Ir. gort, Oscan herííad, Gaul. gorto, Hitt. gurtas, Goth. garda, Alb. gardh, Russ. город (gorod), Toch. /kerccī, Avest. gərədha
*ǵʰers- rigid Alb. derr, Skr. हर्षते (harate), Av. zaršayamna, Arm. ձար ‎(jar), Gk. χέρσος (khersos), Lat. horrēo, Ir. garb/garbh, Welsh garw, Eng. gorst/
*ǵʰew- pour Lat. fūtis; fundo, Gk. χύνω (khunō); khylós, Skr. जुहोति (juhóti), Goth. giutan, Gm. giozan/giessen, Eng. guttas/gut, ON gjóta, Arm. ձեւ ‎(jew), ձոյլ ‎(joyl), Av. zaotar, Pers. zōr, Toch. kutär/ku, Welsh gewai, Alb. dyllë, Phryg. Zeuman; *ǵʰuto- ‎(poured, libated)
*ǵʰwel- to bend Ltv. nuožvelnus, Ltv. zvelt, Russ. злой (zloj), Polish zły, Skr. ह्वरति (hvarati), Av. zbarəmnəm, Pers. /zūr
*ǵʰwen- to sound OCS звонъ ‎(zvonŭ), Russ. звон (zvon), Arm. ձայն ‎(jayn), Alb. zë/zâ, Toch. ka/kene, Polish dzwon, Lith. žvengti, Ltv. zviegt
*ǵʰwer- beast Lat. ferus, OCS звѣрь ‎(zvěrĭ), Russ. зверь (zver'), Lith. žvėris. Ltv. zvērs, Gk. θήρ (thēr), Polish zwierzę, Old Prussian swīrins, Toch. śaru/śerwe
*ǵʰey- winter Skr. हिम ‎(himá), हेमन्त ‎(hemantá), Lat. hiems, Gk. χεῖμα ‎(kheîma), Gaul. Giamillus, OCS зима ‎(zima), Russ. зима (zima), Polish zima, Lith. žiema, Ltv. ziema, Old Prussian semo, Av. zimo, Arm. ձմեռն ‎(jmeṙn), Alb. dimër/dimën, Kamviri z, Pers. /زمستان ‎(zemestān), Toch. śärme/śimpriye, Welsh gaeaf, Ir. gamh/geimhreadh, Hitt. 𒄀𒈠𒀭 ‎(giman), ON gói, Pers. dai, Eng. gamol/