Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/bʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*bʰabʰ- bean German: Bohne, English: bean, Latin: faba, Russian: боб (bob);
*bʰad- good English: better best, Dutch: baat, Sanskrit: भद्र (bhadra)
*bʰaǵʰ- forearm, leg Old English: bōg, Avestan: 𐬠𐬁𐬰𐬎 (bāzu), Sanskrit: बाहु (bāhu)
*bʰars- barley English: barley, Welsh: bara (bread), Latin: far (spelt), Serbo-Croatian: бра̏шно/brȁšno, Albanian: bar (grass), Ancient Greek: Φήρον (Phḗron, plant deity)
*bʰask- bundle English: basket bast, Latin: fascis, Greek: φάκελος (fákelos),
*bʰedʰ- to dig, pierce, hole English: bed, Latin: fodio, Welsh: bedd,
*bʰegʷ- to flee
*bʰeh₂- to shine
*bʰeh₂- to speak
*bʰeh₂g- to divide, distribute
*bʰeh₃g- to bake, roast
*bʰel- light, bright Gaulish: Belenos, Lithuanian: balnas; baltas, Latvian: balts, Sanskrit: भर्ग (bharga); भाल (bhāla), Phryg. falos, Albanian: bal, balosh, Illyr. balta, Old Armenian: բալ (bal), բիլ (bil), Ancient Greek: φλέγω (phlégō); φαλός (phalós), Old Norse: bál; blár; bleikr, Russian: белый (belyj), Polish: biały, Old English: bǣl/English: balefire; bald, Old High German: belihha/German: bleich; blāo/blau, Gothic: 𐌱𐌰𐌻𐌰 (bala), Irish: béal/; ball/; blár/, Welsh: bal; blawr, Thrac. balios, Old Prussian ballo, Latin: fulica; flāvus; fulgeō, Oscan Flagiúi; Flaviies, Tocharian A: pälk/Tocharian B: pälk
*bʰel- to bloom Latin: folium; flōs, Ancient Greek: φύλλον (phúllon), Eng. blōstm/blossom, Ir. bláth, Gm. bluomo/Blume, Old Norse: blómi, Toch. pält/pilta, MWelsh blawd, Goth. blōma, Oscan Fluusaí, Albanian: bulë; bilonjë
*bʰenǵʰ- thick Gm. bungo/Bunge, Ltv. bìezs, Toch. B pkante, Hitt. panku, Gk. παχύς (pakhús)/, Skr. बहु (bahú), Avestan: 𐬠𐬄𐬰𐬀𐬵 (bązah), Old Norse: bingr
*bʰer- brown, shining lt|bėras; bebras, Old Prussian bebrus, Gaulish: Bibrax, Welsh befer, Old English: brūn/brown; bera/bear; beofer/beaver, Gm. brūn/braun; bero/Bär; bibar/Biber, Old Norse: brúnn; bjǫrn; bjórr, Sanskrit: भाति (bhāti), Avestan: 𐬠𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬭𐬀 (bauura), Lat. fiber, Russian: бобр (bobr), Toch. parno/perne; paräṁ/perne
*bʰer- to bear / carry Sanskrit: भरति (bharati), Avestan: 𐬠𐬀𐬭𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (baraiti), Russian: брать (bratʹ), Ir. berid/beir, Welsh cymmeryd, Old Armenian: բերեմ (berem), Albanian: bie; mbart, Ancient Greek: φέρω (phérō), Latin: ferō, Umbrian fertu, Old English: beran/bear, Gm. burde/Burde, Toch. pär/pär, {{desc|lt|berti, Ltv. bērt, Kamviri bor, Phryg. ber, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌰𐌽 (bairan), Old Norse: bera, OCS бьрати (bĭrati), Pers. baratuv/bār, Polish: brać, Hitt. kapirt
*bʰer- to boil Albanian: brumë, Gaulish: Voberā, OIr. bréo; bruth; berbaim, Welsh brwd; brewi, Eng. brǣþ/breath; /broth; /brew; beorm/, Gm. brādam/Brodem; braten, Old Norse: bráðr, Ancient Greek: φύρδην μίγδην (phúrdēn mígdēn); phréār; porphurein, Lat. fervēo; fermentum; dēfrutum, Sanskrit: भुरति (bhurati); bhurnih
*bʰerǵʰ- high, fort Russian: бе́рег (béreg), Eng. burg/borough, Old Armenian: բարձր (barjr), Sanskrit: बर्हयति (barhayati), Avestan: 𐬠𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰(𐬀𐬥𐬙) (bərəz(ant)), Gaulish: Bergusia, Gm. berg/Burg, Hitt. parku; en-park, Toch. pärk/pärk, Thrac. Berga, Goth. baírgahī, Old Norse: bjarg; borg, Pers. burj, MIr. brí, Illyr. Berginium, Ancient Greek: πύργος (púrgos), Welsh bre; bera, Lyc. prije; pruwa, Latin: fortis, Albanian: breg
*bʰerǵʰ- to hide, protect OCS brĕgą Russian: бере́чь (beréčʹ), Old English: byrġan/bury, Old Norse: bjarga, Goth. bairgan, Gm. bergan/bergen
*bʰewd- to strike, hit
*bʰewdʰ- to wake, rise up Skr. बोधति (bódhati); बुद्ध (buddha), Lithuanian: budinti, Ltv. budīt, Old Prussian budē, Avestan: 𐬠𐬎𐬌𐬜𐬌𐬌𐬈𐬌𐬙𐬌 (buiδiieiti), Ir. buide/buidhe, Welsh bodd, Old Norse: bjóða; boð, Ancient Greek: πυνθάνομαι (punthánomai), Old English: bēodan/bid; bodian/bode, Kamviri bidi, Russian: буди́ть (budítʹ), Polish: budzić, OCS блюсти (bljusti), Gm. biotan/bieten; gibot/Gebot, Goth. 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌱𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌽 (anabiudan), Pers. /bēdār-šudan
*bʰewg- to flee
*bʰewgʰ- to bend
*bʰey- bee Old English: bēo/bee, Lithuanian: bitė, Latvian: bite, Ir. bech/bech, Russian: пчела́ (pčelá), Gm. bīa/Biene, Polish: pszczoła, Old Prussian bitte, Welsh begegyr, Gaulish: bekos, Old Norse: , OCS бъчєла (bŭčela), Lat. fūcus
*bʰeyd- to bite, split
*bʰeydʰ- to trust, have faith
*bʰuH- to appear, become, rise up Skr. भू (bhū́); भवति (bhávati), Lithuanian: būti, Ltv. būt, Old Prussian būton, Russian: быть (bytʹ), Ir. buith/beith, Old English: bēon/be, Gm. bim/bin, Kamviri bu, Polish: być, Welsh bod, Ancient Greek: φύομαι (phúomai), Oscan fiiet, Umbrian fust, Pers. būmī/bum, Avestan: 𐬠𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (bauuaiti), Albanian: buj, Old Armenian: բոյս (boys), Illyr. Bumi, Thrac. Kasibounon, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌿𐌰𐌽 (bauan), Gaulish: Vindobios, Toch. pyotk/pyautk, Old Norse: búa, OCS бꙑти (byti), Latin: fuī
*bʰleh₁- to bleat Albanian: blegëras, Lithuanian: bliauti, Ltv. blēt, Eng. blǣtan/bleat, Ancient Greek: βελάζο (belázo), Russian: бле́ять (bléjatʹ), Latin: fleō
*bʰleh₃- yellow, blond, light blue
*bʰleh₃- blossom
*bʰleyǵ- to shine Ltv. bližģēt, Lithuanian: blaikštytis, Eng. blīcan/bleach, Gm. blīhhan/Blech, Old Norse: blíkja, Russ. блеск (blesk), OCS блискъ (bliskŭ), Lat. fulgēo; flagro, MIr blicht; imblissiu, Skt bhrájati; bharga, Toch. pälk/; polkāṃts/
*bʰred- to wade Albanian: bredh, Ltv. brist; bridu, Lithuanian: bristi; bredu, Russ. брести́ (brestí), Polish: brnąć, Thrac. Bredai
*bʰren- to project
*bʰruH- beam, bridge Gaulish: brīva, Old English: bryċġ/bridge, Gm. brugga/Brücke, Old Norse: brú, Russ. бревно́ (brevnó), Polish: birzwno, OCS брьвьно (brĭvĭno)
*bʰruH- brow Skr. भ्रू (bhrū), Lithuanian: bruvis, Ir. brú/brúad/bruach, Old English: brū/brow, Russ. бровь (brovʹ), Ancient Macedonian: ἀβρούτες (abroútes), Gk. ὀφρύς (ophrús), Gm. /Braue, Toch. pärwāṃ/pärwāne, Lithbruvìs, Old Prussian wubri, Polish: brew, OCS брьвьми (brĭvĭmi), Old Norse: brún, Avest. bruuat, Pers. /ابرو (abru)