Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/bʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*bʰabʰ- bean Gm. Bohne, Eng. bean, Lat. faba, Russ. боб (bob);
*bʰad- good Eng. better best,Du. baat, Skr. भद्र (bhadra)
*bʰaǵʰ- forearm, leg Eng. bōg, Av. bāzu, Skr. बाहु (bāhu)
*bʰars- barley Eng. barley, Welsh bara (bread), Lat. far (spelt), Serbo-Croatian бра̏шно/brȁšno, Albanian bar (grass), Ancient Greek Φήρον (Phḗron, plant deity)
*bʰask- bundle Eng. basket bast, Lat. fascis, Gk. φάκελος (phákelos),
*bʰedʰ- to dig, pierce, hole Eng. bed, Lat. fodio, Welsh bedd,
*bʰegʷ- to flee
*bʰeh₂- to shine
*bʰeh₂- to speak
*bʰeh₂g- to divide, distribute
*bʰeh₃g- to bake, roast
*bʰel- light, bright Gaul. Belenos, Lith. balnas; baltas, Ltv. balts, Skr. भर्ग (bharga); भाल (bhāla), Phryg. falos, Alb. bal,balosh, Illyr. balta, Arm. բալ (bal), բիլ (bil), Gk. φλέγω (phlégō); φαλός (phalós), ON bāl; blár; bleikr, Russ. белый (belyj), Polish biały, Eng. bǣl/balefire; bald, Gm. belihha/bleich; blāo/blau, Goth. bala, Ir. béal/; ball/; blár/, Welsh bal; blawr, Thrac. balios, Old Prussian ballo, Lat. fulica; flāvus; fulgeō, Oscan Flagiúi; Flaviies, Toch. pälk/pälk
*bʰel- to bloom Lat. folium; flōs, Gk. φύλλον (phúllon), Eng. blōstm/blossom, Ir. bláth, Gm. bluomo/Blume, ON blómi, Toch. pält/pilta, MWelsh blawd, Goth. blōma, Oscan Fluusaí, Alb. bulë; bilonjë
*bʰenǵʰ- thick Gm. bungo/Bunge, Ltv. bìezs, Toch. B pkante, Hitt. panku, Gk. παχύς (pakhús)/, Skr. बहु (bahú), Av. bązah, ON bingr
*bʰer- brown, shining Ltv. bērs; bebrs, Lith. bėras; bebras, Old Prussian bebrus, Gaul. Bibrax, Welsh befer, Eng. brūn/brown; bera/bear; beofer/beaver, Gm. brūn/braun; bero/Bär; bibar/Biber, ON brúnn; bjǫrn; bjórr, Skr. भाति (bhāti), Av. bawra, Lat. fiber, Russ. бобр (bobr), Toch. parno/perne; parä/perne
*bʰer- to bear / carry Skr. भरति (bharati), Av. baraiti, Russ. брать (bratʹ), Ir. berid/beir, Welsh cymmeryd, Arm. բերեմ (berem), Alb. bie; mbart, Gk. φέρω (phérō), Lat. ferō, Umbrian fertu, Eng. beran/bear, Gm. burde/Burde, Toch. pär/pär, Lith. berti, Ltv. bērt, Kamviri bor, Phryg. ber, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌰𐌽 (bairan), ON bera, OCS бьрати (bĭrati), Pers. baratuv/bār, Polish brać, Hitt. kapirt
*bʰer- to boil Alb. brumë, Gaul. Voberā, OIr. bréo; bruth; berbaim, Welsh brwd; brewi, Eng. brǣþ/breath; /broth; /brew; beorm/, Gm. brādam/Brodem; braten, ON bráðr, Gk. φύρδην μίγδην (phúrdēn mígdēn); phréār; porphurein, Lat. fervēo; fermentum; dēfrutum, Skr. भुरति (bhurati); bhurnih
*bʰerǵʰ- high, fort Russ. бе́рег (béreg), Eng. burg/borough, Arm. բարձր (barjr), Skr. बर्हयति (barhayati), Av. bərəz(ant), Gaul. Bergusia, Gm. berg/Burg, Hitt. parku; en-park, Toch. pärk/pärk, Thrac. Berga, Goth. baírgahī, ON bjarg; borg, Pers. burj, MIr. brí, Illyr. Berginium, Gk. πύργος (púrgos), Welsh bre; bera, Lyc. prije; pruwa, Lat. fortis, Alb. breg
*bʰerǵʰ- to hide, protect OCS brĕgą Russ. бере́чь (beréčʹ), Eng. byrġan/bury, ON bjarga, Goth. bairgan, Gm. bergan/bergen
*bʰewd- to strike, hit
*bʰewdʰ- to wake, rise up Skr. बोधति (bódhati); बुद्ध (buddha), Lith. budinti, Ltv. budīt, Old Prussian budē, Av. buiðyeiti, Ir. buide/buidhe, Welsh bodd, ON bjóða; boð, Gk. πυνθάνομαι (punthánomai), Eng. bēodan/bid; bodian/bode, Kamviri bidi, Russ. буди́ть (budítʹ), Polish budzić, OCS блюсти (bljusti), Gm. biotan/bieten; gibot/Gebot, Goth. 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌱𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌽 (anabiudan), Pers. /bēdār-šudan
*bʰewg- to flee
*bʰewgʰ- to bend
*bʰey- bee Eng. bēo/bee, Lith. bitė, Ltv. bite, Ir. bech/bech, Russ. пчела́ (pčelá), Gm. bīa/Biene, Polish pszczoła, Old Prussian bitte, Welsh begegyr, Gaul. bekos, ON bý, OCS бъчєла (bŭčela), Lat. fūcus
*bʰeyd- to bite, split
*bʰeydʰ- to trust, have faith
*bʰuH- to appear, become, rise up Skr. भू (bhū́); भवति (bhávati), Lith. būti, Ltv. būt, Old Prussian būton, Russ. быть (bytʹ), Ir. buith/beith, Eng. bēon/be, Gm. bim/bin, Kamviri bu, Polish być, Welsh bod, Gk. φύομαι (phúomai), Oscan fiiet, Umbrian fust, Pers. būmī/bum, Av. bavaiti, Alb. buj, Arm. բոյս (boys), Illyr. Bumi, Thrac. Kasibounon, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌿𐌰𐌽 (bauan), Gaul. Vindobios, Toch. pyotk/pyautk, ON búa, OCS бꙑти (byti), Lat. fuī
*bʰleh₁- to bleat Alb. blegëras, Lith. bliauti, Ltv. blēt, Eng. blǣtan/bleat, Gk. βελάζο (belázo), Russ. бле́ять (bléjatʹ), Lat. fleō
*bʰleh₃- yellow, blond, light blue
*bʰleh₃- blossom
*bʰleyǵ- to shine Ltv. bližģēt, Lith. blaikštytis, Eng. blīcan/bleach, Gm. blīhhan/Blech, ON blíkja, Russ. блеск (blesk), OCS блискъ (bliskŭ), Lat. fulgēo; flagro, MIr blicht; imblissiu, Skt bhrájati; bharga, Toch. pälk/; polkāṃts/
*bʰred- to wade Alb. bredh, Ltv. brist; bridu, Lith. bristi; bredu, Russ. брести́ (brestí), Polish brnąć, Thrac. Bredai
*bʰren- to project
*bʰruH- beam, bridge Gaul. brīva, Eng. brycg/bridge, Gm. brugga/Brücke, ON brú, Russ. бревно́ (brevnó), Polish birzwno, OCS брьвьно (brĭvĭno)
*bʰruH- brow Skr. भ्रू (bhrū), Lith. bruvis, Ir. brú/brúad/bruach, Eng. brū/brow, Russ. бровь (brovʹ), XMK abroútes, Gk. ὀφρύς (ophrús), Gm. /Braue, Toch. pärwāṃ/pärwāne, Lithbruvìs, Old Prussian wubri, Polish brew, OCS брьвьми (brĭvĭmi), ON brún, Avest. brvat, Pers. /ابرو (abru)