Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/bʰ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Root Meaning Derivatives
*bʰabʰ-eh₂- bean Old Prussian babo, Russ. боб ‎(bob), Polish bób, Alb. bathë, Gm. bona/Bohne, Eng. bēan/bean, Welsh ffâen, ON baun, Lat. faba
*bʰar-es- spelt Phryg. brisa, Eng. bereliċ/barley, Oscan far, Umbrian far, Lat. far; farina, Welsh bara, Goth. barizīns, ON barr, Alb. bar OCS брашьно ‎(brašĭno), Gk Phéron
*bʰardʰ-eh₂- beard Lith. barzda, Ltv. bārda, Eng. beard/beard, Gm. bart/Bart, Welsh barf, Polish broda, Russ. борода́ ‎(borodá), ON barðr, Crimean Gothic bars, Lat. barba
*bʰeh₂go- beech Gm. buohha/Buche, Lat. fagus, Gk. φηγός ‎(phēgós), Eng. bēċe/beech, ON bók, Gaul. Bāgācon, Russ. бузина́ ‎(buziná), Polish buk, Gothic 𐌱𐍉𐌺𐌰 ‎(bōka), Alb. bung, Kurd bûz, Arm բուն ‎(bun)
*bʰey- bee Eng. bēo/bee, Lith. bitė, Ltv. bite, Ir. bech/bech, Russ. пчела́ ‎(pčelá), Gm. bīa/Biene, Polish pszczoła, Old Prussian bitte, Welsh begegyr, Gaul. bekos, ON bý, OCS бъчєла ‎(bŭčela), Lat. fūcus
*bʰel- light, bright Gaul. Belenos, Lith. balnas; baltas, Ltv. balts, Skr. भर्ग ‎(bharga); भाल ‎(bhāla), Phryg. falos, Alb. bal,balosh, Illyr. balta, Arm. բալ ‎(bal), բիլ ‎(bil), Gk. φλέγω ‎(phlégō); φαλός ‎(phalós), ON bāl; blár; bleikr, Russ. белый ‎(belyj), Polish biały, Eng. bǣl/balefire; bald, Gm. belihha/bleich; blāo/blau, Goth. bala, Ir. béal/; ball/; blár/, Welsh bal; blawr, Thrac. balios, Old Prussian ballo, Lat. fulica; flāvus; fulgeō, Oscan Flagiúi; Flaviies, Toch. pälk/pälk
*bʰel- to bloom Lat. folium; flōs, Gk. φύλλον ‎(phúllon), Eng. blōstm/blossom, Ir. bláth, Gm. bluomo/Blume, ON blómi, Toch. pält/pilta, MWelsh blawd, Goth. blōma, Oscan Fluusaí, Alb. bulë; bilonjë
*bʰenǵʰ- thick Gm. bungo/Bunge, Ltv. bìezs, Toch. B pkante, Hitt. panku, Gk. παχύς ‎(pakhús)/, Skr. बहु ‎(bahú), Av. bązah, ON bingr
*bʰer- brown, shining Ltv. bērs; bebrs, Lith. bėras; bebras, Old Prussian bebrus, Gaul. Bibrax, Welsh befer, Eng. brūn/brown; bera/bear; beofer/beaver, Gm. brūn/braun; bero/Bär; bibar/Biber, ON brúnn; bjǫrn; bjórr, Skr. भाति ‎(bhāti), Av. bawra, Lat. fiber, Russ. бобр ‎(bobr), Toch. parno/perne; parä/perne
*bʰer- to bear / carry Skr. भरति ‎(bharati), Av. baraiti, Russ. брать ‎(bratʹ), Ir. berid/beir, Welsh cymmeryd, Arm. բերեմ ‎(berem), Alb. bie; mbart, Gk. φέρω ‎(phérō), Lat. ferō, Umbrian fertu, Eng. beran/bear, Gm. burde/Burde, Toch. pär/pär, Lith. berti, Ltv. bērt, Kamviri bor, Phryg. ber, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌰𐌽 ‎(bairan), ON bera, OCS бьрати ‎(bĭrati), Pers. baratuv/bār, Polish brać, Hitt. kapirt
*bʰer- to boil Alb. brumë, Gaul. Voberā, OIr. bréo; bruth; berbaim, Welsh brwd; brewi, Eng. brǣþ/breath; /broth; /brew; beorm/, Gm. brādam/Brodem; braten, ON bráðr, Gk. φύρδην μίγδην ‎(phúrdēn mígdēn); phréār; porphurein, Lat. fervēo; fermentum; dēfrutum, Skr. भुरति ‎(bhurati); bhurnih
*bʰeres- lively Russ. борзо́й ‎(borzój), Lith. bruzdùs, Welsh brys, MIr. bras, Polish bardzo, OCS брьзо ‎(brĭzo), Lat. festīnō; fastenus; confestim
*bʰerǵʰ- fort Russ. бе́рег ‎(béreg), Eng. burg/borough, Arm. բարձր ‎(barjr), Skr. बर्हयति ‎(barhayati), Av. bərəz(ant), Gaul. Bergusia, Gm. berg/Burg, Hitt. parku; en-park, Toch. pärk/pärk, Thrac. Berga, Goth. baírgahī, ON bjarg; borg, Pers. burj, MIr. brí, Illyr. Berginium, Gk. πύργος ‎(púrgos), Welsh bre; bera, Lyc. prije; pruwa, Lat. fortis, Alb. breg
*bʰerǵʰ- to hide, protect OCS brĕgą Russ. бере́чь ‎(beréčʹ), Eng. byrġan/bury, ON bjarga, Goth. bairgan, Gm. bergan/bergen
*bʰewdʰ- to wake, rise up Skr. बोधति ‎(bódhati); बुद्ध ‎(buddha), Lith. budinti, Ltv. budīt, Old Prussian budē, Av. buiðyeiti, Ir. buide/buidhe, Welsh bodd, ON bjóða; boð, Gk. πυνθάνομαι ‎(punthánomai), Eng. bēodan/bid; bodian/bode, Kamviri bidi, Russ. буди́ть ‎(budítʹ), Polish budzić, OCS блюсти ‎(bljusti), Gm. biotan/bieten; gibot/Gebot, Goth. 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌱𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌽 ‎(anabiudan), Pers. /bēdār-šudan
*bʰuH- to appear, become, rise up Skr. भू ‎(bhū́); भवति ‎(bhávati), Lith. būti, Ltv. būt, Old Prussian būton, Russ. быть ‎(bytʹ), Ir. buith/beith, Eng. bēon/be, Gm. bim/bin, Kamviri bu, Polish być, Welsh bod, Gk. φύομαι ‎(phúomai), Oscan fiiet, Umbrian fust, Pers. būmī/bum, Av. bavaiti, Alb. buj, Arm. բոյս ‎(boys), Illyr. Bumi, Thrac. Kasibounon, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌿𐌰𐌽 ‎(bauan), Gaul. Vindobios, Toch. pyotk/pyautk, ON búa, OCS бꙑти ‎(byti), Lat. fuī
*bʰleh₁- to bleat Alb. blegëras, Lith. bliauti, Ltv. blēt, Eng. blǣtan/bleat, Gk. βελάζο ‎(belázo), Russ. бле́ять ‎(bléjatʹ), Lat. fleō
*bʰlēyǵ- to shine Ltv. bližģēt, Lith. blaikštytis, Eng. blīcan/bleach, Gm. blīhhan/Blech, ON blíkja, Russ. блеск (blesk), OCS блискъ ‎(bliskŭ), Lat. fulgēo; flagro, MIr blicht; imblissiu, Skt bhrájati; bharga, Toch. pälk/; polkāṃts/
*bʰosós naked Russ. босо́й ‎(bosój), Lith. bãsas, Ltv. bass, Arm. բոկ ‎(bok), Eng. bær/bare, ON berr, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌶𐌹𐍃 ‎(bazis), Gk. ψιλός ‎(psilós), Polish bosy, Gm. bar/bar, OCS босъ ‎(bosŭ)
*bʰred- to wade Alb. bredh, Ltv. brist; bridu, Lith. bristi; bredu, Russ. брести́ ‎(brestí), Polish brnąć, Thrac. Bredai
*bʰruH- beam, bridge Gaul. brīva, Eng. brycg/bridge, Gm. brugga/Brücke, ON brú, Russ. бревно́ ‎(brevnó), Polish birzwno, OCS брьвьно ‎(brĭvĭno)
*bʰruH- brow Skr. भ्रू ‎(bhrū), Lith. bruvis, Ir. brú/brúad/bruach, Eng. brū/brow, Russ. бровь ‎(brovʹ), XMK abroútes, Gk. ὀφρύς ‎(ophrús), Gm. /Braue, Toch. pärwāṃ/pärwāne, Lithbruvìs, Old Prussian wubri, Polish brew, OCS брьвьми ‎(brĭvĭmi), ON brún, Avest. brvat, Pers. /ابرو ‎(abru)
*bʰréh₂tēr brother Arm. եղբայր ‎(ełbayr), Eng. brōþor/brother, Kashmiri boy, Umbrian fratrom, Gk. φράτηρ ‎(phrátēr), Toch. pracar/procer, Kamviri bo, Russ. брат ‎(brat), Gm. bruoder/Bruder, Welsh brawd, Skr. भ्रातृ ‎(bhrā́tṛ), Ir. bráthir/bráthair, Lith. brolis, Ltv. brālis, Gaul. brātir, Pers. 𐎲𐎼𐎠𐎫𐎠 ‎(brātā) / برادر ‎(barādar), Phryg. βρατερε ‎(bratere), Illyr. bra, Goth. 𐌱𐍂𐍉𐌸𐌰𐍂 ‎(brōþar), ON bróðir, Old Prussian brāti, OCS братръ ‎(bratrŭ), Osset. ӕрвад ‎(ærvad), Av. brātar, Oscan fratrúm, Polish brat, Venetic vhraterei, Lyd. 𐤡𐤭𐤠𐤱𐤭𐤳𐤦𐤳 ‎(brafrsis), Kurd. bra, Lat. frāter
*bʰudʰ-no-, *bʰudʰ-mn̥- bottom Skr. बुध्न ‎(budhná), Av. bŭnō, Arm. անդունդ ‎(andund)/բուն ‎(bun), Ir. bond/bonn, Gk. πυθμήν ‎(puthmḗn), Lat. fundus, Gm. bodam/boden, Eng. botm/bottom, ON botn, Welsh bôn, Pers. /بن ‎(bun).
*bʰuHgos- goat Av. būza. Pers. /بز ‎(boz), Arm. բուծ ‎(buc), Ir. bocc/boc, Welsh bwch, ON bukkr, Eng. buc/buck, Gm. boc/Bock, Gaul. bucca
*bʰérh₁ǵo- birch Russ. берёза ‎(berjóza), Gm. birihha/Birke, Bulgarian бреза́ ‎(brezá), Polish brzoza, Lith. beržas, Ltv. bērzs, Osset. бӕрз ‎(bærz), Skr. भूर्ज (bhūrja), ON bjǫrk, Old Prussian berse, Eng. birce/birch, Thrac. berzas, OCS бреза ‎(breza), Lat. frāxinus