Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/d

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*deh₁- to bind Albanian duaj; Ancient Greek δέω (déō); Sanskrit द्यति (dyáti); Avestan 𐬥𐬍𐬛𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬙𐬄𐬨 (nīdiiātąm)
*deh₃- to give Russian дать (datʹ); Old Armenian տամ (tam); Lithuanian dúoti; Latvian dot, deva; Sanskrit ददाति (dádāti); Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬛𐬁𐬌𐬙𐬌 (dadāiti); Ossetian дæттын (dættyn); Albanian dhashë; Ancient Greek δίδωμι (dídōmi); Kashmiri [script needed] (dẏyūn); Polish dać; Phrygian [script needed] (dadón); Old Prussian dātwei; Latin ; Oscan [script needed] (dede); Umbrian [script needed] (dadad); Irish dán; Welsh dawn; Hittite [script needed] (); Lycian [script needed] (da); Luwian [script needed] (da-); Lydian [script needed] (da-); Gaulish doenti; Old Church Slavonic дати (dati); Old Persian 𐎭𐎭𐎠𐎬𐎺 (dadātuv); Persian دادَن (dādan)
*demh₂- to domesticate; tame Sanskrit दाम्यति (dāmyati); Ancient Greek δαμνάω (damnáō); Old Irish damnaid; Hittite [script needed] (damaašzi); Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬨 (dam); Latin domō; Old English tam; English tame; Old High German zemmen; German zähmen; Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐍄𐌰𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 (gatamjan); Old Norse temja; Ossetian домын (domyn); Persian دام (dām); Welsh addef
*dewk- to lead Albanian nduk; Old English togian; English tow; Old High German ziohan; German ziehen; Gothic 𐍄𐌹𐌿𐌷𐌰𐌽 (tiuhan); Old Norse toginn; Ancient Greek ἀδευκής (adeukḗs); Latin dūcō
*deḱs- right (direction) Gaulish Dexsiva; Latin dexter; Umbrian [script needed] (destrame); Lithuanian dešinė; Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬱𐬌𐬥𐬀 (dašina); Albanian djathtë; Old High German zeso; Welsh de; Oscan [script needed] (destrst); Ancient Greek δεξιός (dexiós); Sanskrit दक्षिण (dákṣiṇa); Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌹𐌷𐍃𐍅𐌰 (taihswa); Irish deas; Tocharian A täk; Old Church Slavonic дєснъ (desnŭ); Russian десни́ца (desníca); Kashmiri [script needed] (dạchūn)
*dlegʰ- to engage oneself Old Irish dliged; Irish dlí; Welsh dyled; Latin indulgeō; Russian долг (dolg); Polish dług; Old Church Slavonic дльгъ (dlĭgŭ)
*dem- to build Sanskrit दम (dáma); Avestan 𐬛𐬄𐬨 (dąm); Ancient Greek δόμος (dómos); Latin domus; Russian дом (dom); Polish dom; Old English timber; English timber; Old High German zimbar; German Zimmer; Old Norse timbr; Umbrian [script needed] (dâmoa); Old Armenian տուն (tun); Lithuanian nãmas; Latvian nams; Tocharian A tam; Tocharian B täm
*dows- forearm Sanskrit दोस् (dos); Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬊𐬱 (daoš); Old Irish doít, doíd; Lithuanian dilbis; Latvian paduse; Russian па́зуха (pázuxa); Persian دوش (doš)
*dra- to run Sanskrit द्राति (drā́ti); Russian удира́ть (udirátʹ); Ancient Greek ἀπόδρασις (apódrasis), δρόμος (drómos); Illyrian *Dravos; Lithuanian drebėti; German Trappel; Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐍄𐍂𐌹𐌼𐍀𐌰𐌽 (anatrimpan); Avestan 𐬛𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬥𐬀𐬵 (draonah)
*drem- to sleep Russian дрема́ть (dremátʹ); Sanskrit द्रायति (drāyati); Ancient Greek δαρθάνω (darthánō); Latin dormiō; Old Armenian տարտամ (tartam); Polish drzemać; Old Church Slavonic дрємлю (dremlju)
*dus- to fail Sanskrit दुष्यति (duṣyati); Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬱 (duš); Ancient Greek δέω (déō); Irish do-; Old Armenian տ- (t-); Gothic 𐍄𐌿𐌶- (tuz-); Old Norse tjón; Old English tēona; Old High German zur-; Old Church Slavonic дъждь (dŭždĭ); Russian дождь (doždʹ); Polish deszcz; Old Persian [script needed] (dušiyaram);