Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/d

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Root Meaning Derivatives
*deh₁- to bind Albanian duaj; Ancient Greek δέω ‎(déō); Sanskrit द्यति ‎(dyáti); Avestan [script needed] ‎(nī.diiātąm)
*deh₃- to give Russian дать ‎(datʹ); Old Armenian տամ ‎(tam); Lithuanian dúoti; Latvian dot, deva; Sanskrit ददाति ‎(dádāti); Avestan [script needed] ‎(dadāiti); Ossetian дæттын ‎(dættyn); Albanian dhashë; Ancient Greek δίδωμι ‎(dídōmi); Kashmiri [script needed] ‎(dẏyūn); Polish dać; Phrygian [script needed] ‎(dadón); Old Prussian dātwei; Latin ; Oscan [script needed] ‎(dede); Umbrian [script needed] ‎(dadad); Irish dán; Welsh dawn; Hittite [script needed] ‎(); Lycian [script needed] ‎(da); Luwian [script needed] ‎(da-); Lydian [script needed] ‎(da-); Gaulish doenti; Old Church Slavonic дати ‎(dati); Old Persian 𐎭𐎭𐎠𐎬𐎺 ‎(dadātuv); Persian دادَن ‎(dādan)
*demh₂- to domesticate; tame Sanskrit दाम्यति ‎(dāmyati); Ancient Greek δαμνάω ‎(damnáō); Old Irish damnaid; Hittite [script needed] ‎(damaašzi); Avestan [script needed] ‎(dam); Latin domō; Old English tam; English tame; Old High German zemmen; German zähmen; Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐍄𐌰𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(gatamjan); Old Norse temja; Ossetian домын ‎(domyn); Persian دام ‎(dām); Welsh addef
*dewk- to lead Albanian nduk; Old English togian; English tow; Old High German ziohan; German ziehen; Gothic 𐍄𐌹𐌿𐌷𐌰𐌽 ‎(tiuhan); Old Norse toginn; Ancient Greek ἀδευκής ‎(adeukḗs); Latin dūcō
*deḱs- right (direction) Gaulish Dexsiva; Latin dexter; Umbrian [script needed] ‎(destrame); Lithuanian dešinė; Avestan [script needed] ‎(dašina); Albanian djathtë; Old High German zeso; Welsh de; Oscan [script needed] ‎(destrst); Ancient Greek δεξιός ‎(dexiós); Sanskrit दक्षिण ‎(dákṣiṇa); Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌹𐌷𐍃𐍅𐌰 ‎(taihswa); Irish deas; Tocharian A täk; Old Church Slavonic дєснъ ‎(desnŭ); Russian десни́ца ‎(desníca); Kashmiri [script needed] ‎(dạchūn)
*dlegʰ- to engage oneself Old Irish dliged; Irish dlí; Welsh dyled; Latin indulgeō; Russian долг ‎(dolg); Polish dług; Old Church Slavonic дльгъ ‎(dlĭgŭ)
*dem- to build Sanskrit दम ‎(dáma); Avestan [script needed] ‎(dąm); Ancient Greek δόμος ‎(dómos); Latin domus; Russian дом ‎(dom); Polish dom; Old English timber; English timber; Old High German zimbar; German Zimmer; Old Norse timbr; Umbrian [script needed] ‎(dâmoa); Old Armenian տուն ‎(tun); Lithuanian nãmas; Latvian nams; Tocharian A tam; Tocharian B täm
*dows- forearm Sanskrit दोस् ‎(dos); Avestan [script needed] ‎(daoš); Old Irish doít, doíd; Lithuanian dilbis; Latvian paduse; Russian па́зуха ‎(pázuxa); Persian دوش ‎(doš)
*dra- to run Sanskrit द्राति ‎(drā́ti); Russian удира́ть ‎(udirátʹ); Ancient Greek ἀπόδρασις ‎(apódrasis), δρόμος ‎(drómos); Illyrian Dravos; Lithuanian drebėti; German Trappel; Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐍄𐍂𐌹𐌼𐍀𐌰𐌽 ‎(anatrimpan); Avestan [script needed] ‎(draonah)
*drem- to sleep Russian дрема́ть ‎(dremátʹ); Sanskrit द्रायति ‎(drāyati); Ancient Greek δαρθάνω ‎(darthánō); Latin dormiō; Old Armenian տարտամ ‎(tartam); Polish drzemać; Old Church Slavonic дрємлю ‎(dremlju)
*dus- to fail Sanskrit दुष्यति ‎(duṣyati); Avestan [script needed] ‎(duš); Ancient Greek δέω ‎(déō); Irish do-; Old Armenian տ- ‎(t-); Gothic 𐍄𐌿𐌶- ‎(tuz-); Old Norse tjón; Old English tēona; Old High German zur-; Old Church Slavonic дъждь ‎(dŭždĭ); Russian дождь ‎(doždʹ); Polish deszcz; Old Persian [script needed] ‎(dušiyaram);