Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/gʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*gʰh₁bʰ- to take Skr. गभस्ति (gabhasti), Alb. grabit/grabis, Lat. habēre, Oscan hafíar, Umbrian habe, Ir. gaibid, Welsh gafael, Lith. gabenti; gabana, Ltv. gabana, Gaul. gabi, OCS gobino
*gʰedʰ- to join, to unite Lith. guodas, Ltv. gods, Eng. gōd/good, Gm. guot/gut, Goth. gōþs; gōds, ON gōðr, Skr. गध्य (gadhya), OCS godŭ, Russ. год (god), Polish gody, Toch. kātk/kātk
*gʰel- to call Eng. gellan/yell, Gk. χελιδών (khelidōn), Skr. प्रगल्भ (pragalbha), Goth. gōljan, Gm. gellan/gellen, Lith. gulbinti, ON gjalla
*gʰed- to take Alb. gjej, Eng. begetan/beget; forgetan/forget, Gm. firgezzen/vergessen, ON geta, Goth. bigitan, Gk. ktaomai; ktēma, Ir. geind/geinn, Welsh gaing, Lat. prehendere, Lith. godetis, OCS gadati
*gʰlew- to joke Eng. glēo/glee, Lith. glauda, Ltv. glaust, Gk. χλεύη (khleuē), ON glý, Russ. глум (glum), OCS bezŭ gluma
*gʰreh₁- to grow, to become green Eng. grōwan/grow; grēne/green; græs/grass, Gm. gruoen/—; gruoni/grün; gras/Gras, Goth. gras, ON groa; grænn; gras
*gʰrendʰ- beam Lith. grindys, Ltv. grīda, ON grind, Polish grzęda, Russ. гряда (grjada), Kamviri uga, Eng. grindel/, Gm. grindil/, Dutch grendel