Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/gʷʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*gʷʰeleǵʰ- gland Arm. գեղձ (gełj), Lith. geležuones, Russ. железа (železa), Polish zołza
*gʷʰer(m)-/*gʷʰor(m)- warm Alb. zjarr,zjarm Russ. жар (žar), Lith. garas, Ltv. gars, Phryg. germe, Arm. ջերմ (ǰerm), Eng. bearnan/burn; wearm/warm, ON brenna; varmr, Gm. brinnan/brennen; warm/warm, Goth. brinnan;, warmjan, Gk. θερμός (thermos), Skr. घृण (ghṛṇa); घर्म (gharma-), Kashmiri germi, Thrac. germas, Pers. garmapada/garm, Ir. gorim/goraim, Hitt. war, Old Prussian goro, Av. garəma, Welsh gori, Kashmiri garū'm, Lat. furnus; forma
*gʷʰedʰ- to ask Eng. biddian/bid; bed/bead, Gm. pittan/bitten; beta/Gebet, Goth. bidjan; bida, ON biðja, Skr. गध्य (gadhya), Russ. пытать (pytat'), Lat. manifestus
*gʷʰen- to press; to strike, slay, kill Skr. हन्ति (hanti), Av. (jainti), Pers. /zahr; ajanam/, Lith. ginti, Ltv. dzīt, Old Prussian guntwei, OCS gŭnati, Russ. жать; гнать (žat'; gnat'), Polish gnać, Alb. gjanj, Arm. գան (gan), ջին (ǰin), ջինջ (ǰinǰ), Ir. gonim/gonadh, Gk. θείνω (theinō); φόνος (phonos), Hitt. kwen, Lyd. qn-, Eng. gūþ/—; bana/bane, Gm. gundfano/—, Goth. banja; pano/Bahn ON gunnr; bani
*gʷʰh₂í- bright, shining Lith. giedras, Ltv. dziedrs, Gk. φαιδρός (phaidros), Arm. կայծ (kayc) (?)