Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/h₁

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*h₁ed- to eat Lithuanian ėsti, Latvian ēst, Old Prussian ist, Russian есть (jestʹ), Polish jeść, Sanskrit अत्ति (átti), Avestan 𐬀𐬛 (ad), Old Armenian ուտեմ (utem), Hittite 𒂊𒀉𒈪 (eidmi), Luwian [script needed] (ad-); Luwian [script needed] (az-), Palaic [script needed] (ata-), Latin edō, Oscan edum, Ancient Greek ἔδω (édō), Old English etan/English eat, Old High German essan/German essen, Old Norse eta, Gothic 𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 (itan), Old Irish esse, Thracian [script needed] (esko-), Tocharian B yesti, Old Church Slavonic ꙗсти (jasti)
*h₁edʰ- sharp Russian ель (jelʹ), Lithuanian eglė, Latvian egle, Latin ebulus, Gaulish odocos, Old Irish aidlen/Irish ailim, Old Prussian addle, Old English ellærn/English elder (tree), Old High German attuh, Polish jodła, Ancient Greek ἐλάτη (elátē)
*h₁engʷ- gland Albanian angërr, Ancient Greek ἀδήν (adḗn), Latin inguen, Old Norse ǫkkvinn
*h₁es- to be Old Church Slavonic єстъ (estŭ), Russian есть (jestʹ), Lithuanian esmi, Latvian esmu, Old Prussian asmai, Ancient Greek ἐστί (estí), Old Irish am, Sanskrit अस्ति (ásti), Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬙𐬌 (asti), Latin esse, Umbrian sent, Oscan súm, Old English is/English is, Old Armenian եմ (em), Polish jest, Serbo-Croatian biti, Albanian është/Gheg Albanian âsht, Old High German ist/German ist, Gothic 𐌹𐍃𐍄 (ist), Old Norse es, Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒍣 (ēszi), Lycian [script needed] (es), Luwian [script needed] (as), Lydian [script needed] (e-), Palaic [script needed] (aš-), ṣe/ṣei, Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎫𐎡𐎹 (astiy)/Persian است (ast)
*h₁er- goat Old Armenian որոճ (oroč), Lithuanian ėriukas, Lithuanian jērs, Old Prussian eristian, Latin ariēs, Umbrian erietu, Old Irish heirp/Irish earb, Ancient Greek ἔριφος (ériphos), Old High German irah, Serbo-Croatian jȁre
*h₁ew- to dress Avestan 𐬀𐬊𐬚𐬭𐬀 (aoθra); Russian обу́ть (obútʹ); Polish obuć; Lithuanian aũti; Latvian àut; Latin exuō, Latin induō, Latin subūcula; Old Armenian ագանիմ (aganim); Old Prussian auclo; Umbrian anovihimu; Old Irish fúan; Welsh gŵn; Old Church Slavonic обути (obuti); Old Church Slavonic изоути (izuti); Albanian mbath; /Tocharian B ewe
*h₁ews- to burn Albanian ushël, Lithuanian usnis, Latvian usna, Latin ūrō, Ancient Greek εὕω (heúō), Old High German eimuria, Old English ǣmerge/English ember, Old Norse usli, Sanskrit ओषति (oṣati)
*h₁ey- to go Sanskrit एति (éti), Avestan 𐬇𐬌𐬙𐬌 (ə̄iti), Ancient Greek εἶμι (eîmi), Latin , Umbrian ier, Oscan eítuns, Kamviri [script needed] (ie), Gaulish eimu, Tocharian A i/Tocharian B i, Old Irish ethaim, Old Persian 𐎠𐎡𐎫𐎡𐎹 (aitiy), Old Church Slavonic ити (iti), Luwian 𒄿𒄿 (iti), Gothic 𐌹𐌳𐌳𐌾𐌰 (iddja), Old English ēode, Lithuanian eiti, Latvian iet, Old Prussian eit, Russian идти́ (idtí), Polish iść, Albanian ik
*h₁lengʷʰ- lightweight Albanian lehtë, Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬔𐬎 (ragu), Old English lēoht/English light, Old High German līht/German leicht, Gothic 𐌻𐌴𐌹𐌷𐍄𐍃 (leihts), Ancient Greek ἐλαχύς (elakhús), Old Irish laigiu, Kashmiri [script needed] (lo.t), Latin levis, Latvian liegs, Lithuanian leñgva, Old Church Slavonic льгъкъ (lĭgŭkŭ), Old Prussian lāngiseilingins, Old Norse lēttr, Polish lekki, Russian лёгкий (ljóxkij), Sanskrit लघु (laghu), Tocharian B lankŭtse, Welsh llaw
*h₁lewdʰ- people Old English lēod/English lede; Old High German liuti/German Leute; Old Norse ljóðr; Latvian ļaudis; Russian лю́ди (ljúdi)
*h₁wegʷʰ- to praise Sanskrit वाघत् (vāghat), Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬱𐬙𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬬𐬀𐬕𐬆𐬥𐬙𐬌 (raštarəvaġənti), Ancient Greek εὔχομαι (eúkhomai), Old Armenian գոգեմ (gogem), Latin vovēre, Umbrian vufetes
*h₁rebʰ- to roof Ancient Greek ἐρέφω (eréphō), Old Church Slavonic рєбро (rebro), Russian ребро́ (rebró), Old English ribb/English rib, Old Norse rif, Old High German ribba/German Rippe, Polish żebro
*h₁rep- to snatch Latin rapere, Ancient Greek ἐρέπτομαι (eréptomai), Ancient Greek ἁρπάζω (harpázō); Lithuanian ap-répti; Old English reopan/English reap; German reifsen; Albanian rjep
*h₁rewdʰ- red Latin ruber; Old English rēad/English red; Lithuanian raudonas; Latvian ruds; Sanskrit रुधिर (rudhira); Russian рдеть (rdetʹ); Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός (eruthrós); Tocharian A rtär/Tocharian B ratre; Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬜𐬌𐬙𐬀 (raoδita); Gothic 𐍂𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (rauþs); Old Norse rauðr, Old Norse rjóðr; Old High German rōt/German rot; Oscan Rufriis; Umbrian rufru; Old Irish rúad/Irish rua; Welsh rhudd; Gaulish Roudos
*h₁rewg- to vomit Russian рыга́ть (rygátʹ); Polish rzygać; Lithuanian riaugėti; Latvian raugāties; Ancient Greek ἐρεύγομαι (ereúgomai); Latin ructāre; Old English rēocan/English reek; Old High German rouhhan/German rauchen, Old High German itruchen; Old Norse reykja; Persian [script needed] (āroġ); Armenian ործամ (orcam)