Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/h₂

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*h₂eǵʰ- plough animal Old Armenian եզն(ezn); Old Irish ag/Irish agh; Welsh ael, Welsh eilion; Sanskrit अही(ahī); Avestan [script needed](azī)
*h₂eḱ- sharp ἄκρος(ákros); Latin ācer; Sanskrit अश्रि(aśri); остръ(ostrŭ); Russian ость(ostʹ), Russian острый(ostryj); Old Irish aicher; Lithuanian aštrus; Latvian asmens; Gothic 𐌰𐌷𐍃(ahs); Persian [script needed](ās); Gaulish Akrotalus; Welsh eithiw; Oscan akrid; Umbrian peracri; Old Armenian ասեղն(asełn); Albanian athët; Tocharian A āk/Tocharian B āke; Old English ecg/English edge; Old Norse egg; Old High German egga/German Ecke; Polish ostry; Ancient Macedonian [script needed](akrounoi)
*h₂en- ancestor ἀννίς(annís); Latin anus, Latin anna; ana; ano/Ahn; Lithuanian anyta; Hittite [script needed](hannas); Old Armenian հան(han); Russian внук(vnuk); Old Prussian ane; Old Irish Ana
*h₂enǵʰ- narrow ἄγχω(ánkhō)/; Sanskrit अंहु(aṃhu); Avestan [script needed](ązaṅhē); Russian узкий(uzkij); Gothic 𐌰𐌲𐌲𐍅𐌿𐍃(aggwus); Old Norse aungr; Old Armenian անձուկ(anjuk); Old High German engi/German eng; Hittite [script needed](hamenk); Old Church Slavonic ѫзъкъ(ǫzŭkŭ); Polish wąski; Lithuanian ankšta; Tocharian A eṁts/Tocharian B entse; Old English enge/; Welsh yng; Old Irish cumung/Irish cung; Latin angor, Latin angere; Albanian ang
*h₂enh₁- breathe Sanskrit अन(ana); Gothic 𐌿𐌶𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌽(uzanan), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌹(andi); Old Irish animm, Old Irish anál; ἄνεμος(ánemos); Latin animus, Latin anima; Old Church Slavonic вонꙗти(vonjati); Russian вонь(vonʹ); Welsh anysbryd; Old Norse anda, Old Norse ǫnd; Old English eðian, Old English ōþian; Welsh eneid; Avestan [script needed](åntya); Lithuanian anuoti; Old Armenian անձն(anjn), Old Armenian հողմ(hołm); Albanian ëj/Gheg Albanian âj; Oscan anamum; Tocharian A āñcäm/Tocharian B āñme
*h₂enk- angle Old High German ango; Ossetian æнгуыр(æng°yr); Sanskrit अङ्क(áṅka); Latin ancus; Lithuanian anka; Latvian āķis; Old Armenian անկիւն(ankiwn); ὄγκος(ónkos), ἄγκος(ánkos); Russian угол(ugol); Old Norse angi; Avestan [script needed](aṅkupəsəmna); Welsh angad, Welsh crafanc; Old Irish écath; Hittite [script needed](hink)
*h₂ep- (body of) water Old English ōfer/, Old English fisc/English fish; /German Ufer, Old High German fisc/German Fisch; Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐍃𐌺𐍃(fisks); Old Norse fiskr; Latin amnis, Latin piscis; 𒄩𒉺𒀀(ḫapaa); Palaic [script needed](ḫapnas); 𒄩𒀀𒁉𒅖(ḫāpis); Russian пескарь(peskarʹ); Polish piskorz; Latvian upe; Lithuanian upė; Old Prussian ape; Sanskrit अप्(áp); Sanskrit अफ(apha); Avestan [script needed](afš); Tocharian A āp/Tocharian B āp 𐎠𐎱𐎡𐎹𐎠(apiyā)/آب(āb)
*h₂ep- to reach Avestan apayeiti(apayeiti); Latin apex; Sanskrit आप्त(āpta); Ancient Greek ἅπτω(háptō); Old Armenian ունիմ(unim); Hittite [script needed](apanzi); Tocharian A oppäśśi; Polish opaść
*h₂er- nut Lithuanian ruošutỹs; Russian орех(orex); Albanian arrë; Ancient Greek ἄρυα(árua); Polish orzech; Hittite [script needed](harau)
*h₂erh₃- to plow Tocharian A āre/Tocharian B āre; {{cog|la|arō; aratrum; Ancient Greek ἀροτήρ(arotḗr); Lithuanian arti, ārklas; Latvian art; Old Church Slavonic орати(orati); Russian орать(oratʹ); արաւր(arawr); Polish orać; Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌾𐌰𐌽(arjan); Old English erian; Old Norse arðr, Welsh arddu, aradr; Old Irish airim, arathar; Old Prussian artoys; Old High German erien
*h₂erk- to lock Ancient Greek ἀρκέω(arkéō); Latin arcēre; Old Armenian արգել(argel); Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌺𐌰(arka); Old Prussian arkan; Polish arkan; Hittite [script needed](ḫark-); Tocharian B ārk; Oscan [script needed](trííbarakavúm); Lithuanian raktas, užrakinti
*h₂ew- to help Sanskrit अवति(ávati); Latin aveō, avārus; Avestan [script needed](avaiti); Old Armenian աւիւն(awiwn); Gaulish Avicantus; Ancient Greek -αονες(-aones)?; Lithuanian aušti; Latvian aust; Old Irish con·oí; Tocharian A olar/Tocharian B aulāre; Old Norse auð; Old English īþe; Old High German ōdmuoti; Welsh ewyllys, adaw
*h₂ewg- to glance Ancient Greek αὐγή(augḗ); Albanian ag, agoj; Russian юг(jug); Old Church Slavonic югъ(jugŭ)
*h₂ewg- to increase Lithuanian augti; Latvian augt; Latin auctis; Ancient Greek αὐξάνω(auxánō); Sanskrit उग्र(ugra); Tocharian A ok/Tocharian B auk; Old English eacan/English eke, Old English weaxan/English wax; Old High German ouh/German auch, Old High German wahsan/German wachsen; Old Norse auka, vaxa; Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌺𐌰𐌽(aukan), 𐍅𐌰𐌷𐍃𐌾𐌰𐌽(wahsjan); Old Prussian auginnons; Umbrian [script needed](uhtur)
*h₂ews- dawn Latin ver, Aurōra; Lithuanian aušra; Latvian ausma; Old High German ōstra/German Osten; Sanskrit उषस्(uṣas); Russian утро(utro); Old English ēast/English east; Ancient Greek ἠώς(ēṓs), ᾱ̓ήρ(āḗr), αὔριον(aúrion); Old Norse austr; Avestan [script needed](ušastara); Irish fáir; Welsh gwawr; Albanian err
*h₂ey- vital force Sanskrit आयु(āyu); Latin aevum; Old Irish áes/Irish aois; Avestan [script needed](āyū); Tocharian A āym; Old English æfre/English ever; Old High German īo/German je, Old High German êwig/German ewig; Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍃(aiws); Old Norse ei; Ancient Greek αἰών(aiṓn); Albanian eshë
*h₂eyg- sick Latin aeger; Tocharian A ekroill/Tocharian B aikare; Old Norse eikenn, eikja/eikla; Lithuanian ingas; Latvian angus; Old Church Slavonic ѩса(jęsa); Russian яга(jaga); Polish jędza; Old English ācol; Albanian kë-ëk
*h₂eyǵ- goat Sanskrit एड(eḍa); Avestan [script needed](izaēna); Old Persian [script needed](azg); Old Armenian այծ(ayc); Ancient Greek αἴξ(aíx); Albanian edh; Lithuanian ožỹs; Latvian āzis
*h₂eyǵ- oak Lithuanian ąžuolas; Latin aesculus; Ancient Greek αἰγίλωψ(aigílōps), κράταιγος(krátaigos); Old Norse eik; Old English āc/English oak; Old High German eihha/German Eiche; Middle Irish áesc; Albanian enjë
*h₂eyḱ- spear/pike Ancient Greek αἶκλοι(aîkloi)?; Latin īcō; Old Prussian aysmis; Old Church Slavonic игла(igla); Polish igła; Avestan [script needed](išarə); Lithuanian iešmas; Latvian iesms; Old Norse eigin; Russian игла(igla)
*h₂eyḱ- to be master of; to possess Old English āgan/English ought; Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐌲𐌰𐌽(aigan); Old High German eigan/German eigen; Old Norse eiga; Sanskrit ईष्टे(īṣṭe); Avestan [script needed](īšti)
*h₂eym- copy Hittite [script needed](ḫimma); Latin aemulus, imāgō, reimere, geminus; Middle Irish emon; Albanian gjysmë; Lithuanian jumis; Sanskrit यम(yamá); Avestan [script needed](yima)
*h₂melǵ- to milk Latin mulgeō; Old English melcan/English milk; Old High German melcan/German melken; Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌻𐌿𐌺𐍃(miluks); Old Norse mjǫlk; Tocharian A malke/Tocharian B malkwer; Ancient Greek ἀμέλγω(amélgō); Old Irish melg, bligim; Welsh blith; Lithuanian melžti; Russian молозиво(molozivo); Sanskrit मर्जति(marjati); Albanian mjel
*h₂wap- bad; evil Hittite [script needed](ḫuwapp); Old English yfel/English evil; Old High German ubil/German Übel; Gothic 𐌿𐌱𐌹𐌻𐍃(ubils)
*h₂weh₁- to blow Old English weder/English weather, wind, Old English wāwan, Old High German waian/German wehen, Wind; Old Norse vindr; Latin ventus; Sanskrit वाति(vā́ti); Ancient Greek ἄημι(áēmi), ᾱ̓τμός(ātmós); Avestan [script needed](vāiti); Hittite [script needed](ḫuwantiš); Lithuanian vėjas; Latvian vējš; Old Prussian wins; Tocharian A want/Tocharian B yente; Old Church Slavonic вѣтръ(větrŭ); Russian ве́ять(véjatʹ); Polish wiać; Welsh gwynt; Old Irish feth