Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/h₃

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*h₃em- bitter Gk. ὠμός (ōmós), Lat. amārus, Ir. om/amh, Arm. հում (hum), Skr. अम्ल (amlás), Eng. ampre/, ON apr, Ltv. amols, Alb. ëmbël, XMK abro-
*h₃engʷ- to anoint Skr. अनक्ति (anakti), Arm. աւծ (awc), Ir. imb/im, Lat. unguō, Umb. umtu, OPruss. anctan, Gm. ancho/Anke, Welsh ymenyn
*h₃ers- to protrude Gk. οὐρά (ourá), Arm. ոռ (oṙ), Hitt. arras, Eng. ears/arse, Ir. err/earr, Gm. ars/Arsch, ON ars
*h₃meyǵʰ- to urinate Skr. मेहति (mehati), Av. maēsati, Lith. myžti; miglà, Ltv. mīzt, Russ. мезга (mezga), Arm. մէզ (mēz), Toch. —/miśo, Gk. ὀμείχω (omeíkhō), ON míga, Goth. maihstus, Eng. māsc/mash, /mist, Gm. /Maisch; miskan/mischen, Lat. meiere, Kurd. méz, Alb. mjegull; përmjerr
*h₃nebʰ- navel Lat. umbo; umbilīcus, Skr. नभ्य (nabhya), Av. nāba, Ltv. naba, Gm. nabalo/Nabel, Eng. nafela/navel, ON nafli, Gk. ὀμφαλός (omphalós), Ir. imbliu/imleac, Kashmiri naf, OPruss. nabis, Pers. nāf
*h₃negʰ- nail Gk. ὄνυξ (ónux), Lat. unguis, Skr. नख (nakha), अङ्घ्रि (aghri), Gm. nagel/Nagel, OCS noguti, Russ. ноготь (nogot'), Lith. nagas, Ltv. nags, Av. nakhara, Arm. եղունգն (ełungn), Welsh ewin, Eng. nægl/nail, Pers. nāxun, Ir. inga/ionga
*h₃ekʷ- eye Lat. oculus, OCS oko, Russ. око (oko), Toch. ak/ek, Arm. ակն (akn), աչք (ačʿkʿ), Skr. अक्षि (akṣi), Gk. ὄσσε (ósse); ὀφθαλμός (ophthalmós), Eng. ēge/eye, Gm. ouga/Auge, Goth. augo, Alb. sy, Lith. akis, Ltv. acs, Kamviri âč, Ir. enech/oineach, Welsh enep, ON auga, Polish oko, Old Prussian ackis
*h₃reǵ- to straighten Lat. regere, Gk. ὀρέγω (orégō), Eng. riht/right, Gm. reht/recht, ON réttr, Goth. raihts, Thrac. rhesus, Toch. räk/räk;
*h₃rēǵ-(h₃ón-) "ruler, king": Skr. राजन् (rājan), Oscan regaturei, Lat. rēx, Gaul. rīx, Ir. ríg/rígh, Welsh rhi, Av. raz, Pers. rahst, Alb. radhë
*h₃yebʰ- to copulate Gm. eiba/—, Skr. यभति (yabhati), Russ. еба́ть (jebátʹ), Illyr. Oibalos, Gk. οἴφω (oíphō)/, Polish jebać