Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/k

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Root Meaning Derivatives
*kal- handsome Ancient Greek κάλλος ‎(kállos); Sanskrit कल्य ‎(kalya)
*keh₂n- to sing Old English hen; English hen; Old High German hano; German Hahn; Ancient Greek καναχέω ‎(kanakhéō); Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌽𐌰 ‎(hana); Old Irish canaid; Kurdish xwéndin; Latin canō; Persian آواز خواندن ‎(āvāz xāndan); Russian каню́к ‎(kanjúk); Old Norse hani, hœna; Umbrian [script needed] ‎(kanetu); Welsh canu
*kant- corner Gaulish kantem; Ancient Greek κανθός ‎(kanthós); Latin cantus; Lithuanian kampas; Polish kant, kąt; Russian кут ‎(kut)
*kat- cub Old Irish cadla; Latin catulus; Old Norse haðna; Russian котиться ‎(kotitʹsja); Umbrian [script needed] ‎(katel)
*ked- to fume Ancient Greek κέδρος ‎(kédros); Latvian kadags; Lithuanian kadagỹs; Old Church Slavonic кадило ‎(kadilo); Old Prussian kadegis; Russian чад ‎(čad); Sanskrit कद्रु ‎(kadru)
*kel- glue Ancient Greek κόλλα ‎(kólla); Lithuanian klijai; Polish klej; Russian клей ‎(klej)
*ke(n)g- hook Old English hōc; English hook; Old High German hâco; German Haken; Old Irish ailcheng; Lithuanian kengė; Persian چنگ ‎(čang); Old Norse haki, hǫnk; Russian ко́готь ‎(kógotʹ)
*kenk- kneecap Old English hēla; English heel; Latvian cinksla; Lithuanian kenkle; Old Norse hǽll; Sanskrit कङ्काल ‎(kaṅkāla)
*ker- cornel Albanian thanë; Ancient Greek κράνεια ‎(kráneia); Latin cornus
*kerp- to pluck Old English hærfest; English harvest, harrow; Old High German hwerban; German werben; Gothic 𐍈𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌱𐌰𐌽 ‎(ƕairban); Ancient Greek καρπός ‎(karpós); Hittite [script needed] ‎(karpinaš); Old Irish cirrid; Irish ciorraigh, corrán; Latin carpō; Lithuanian kirpti; Old Church Slavonic чрѣпъ ‎(črěpŭ); Old Norse hverfa; Sanskrit कृपाण ‎(kṛpāṇa); Tocharian A kārp; Tocharian B kärp; Welsh par
*klen- maple Ancient Macedonian [script needed] ‎(klinotrokhon); Old English hlin; English linn; Lithuanian klevas; Latvian kļava; Old Norse hlynr; Polish klon; Russian клён ‎(kljon); Welsh celyn
*knid- louse Albanian thërijë, thëni; Old Armenian անիծ ‎(anic); Old English hnitu; English nit; Old High German hniz; German Nisse; Ancient Greek κονίς ‎(konís); Old Irish sned; Latvian gnīda; Old Norse gnit; Polish gnida; Russian гнида ‎(gnida); Welsh nedd
*kob- to succeed Old English gehæp; English happen; Gaulish Vercobius; Old Irish cob; Old Church Slavonic кобь ‎(kobĭ); Old Norse happ; Russian кобь ‎(kobʹ); Tocharian A akappi
*krem- onion Old English hramsan; English ramson; Ancient Greek κρόμιον ‎(krómion); Old Irish craim; Scottish Gaelic creamh; Latvian cermaukša, cērmūkslis; Lithuanian kermušė; Russian черемша́ ‎(čeremšá); Welsh craf
*krewh₂- blood Avestan [script needed] ‎(xrūva); Old English hrēaw; English raw; Old High German hrāo; German roh; Ancient Greek κρέας ‎(kréas); Irish cró; Latin cruor; Lithuanian kraũjas; Sanskrit क्रविस् ‎(kravis); Latvian krevele; Old Church Slavonic крꙑ ‎(kry); Old Norse hrár; Old Prussian crauyo; Polish krew; Russian кровь ‎(krovʹ); Welsh crau
*krey- to move, to separate Ancient Greek κρίνω ‎(krínō); Latin cernō, cribrum; Old Saxon hrīnan; Gothic 𐌷𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃 ‎(hrains); Old Irish ara·chrin; Welsh crynu
*ksweyd- milk Avestan [script needed] ‎(xšvīd); Latvian sviests; Lithuanian sviestas; Sanskrit क्ष्विद्यति ‎(kṣvidyati)
*kwat- sour Albanian cos; Old English hwaþerian; Gothic 𐍈𐌰𐌸𐍉 ‎(ƕaþō); Latin cāseus; Latvian kūsāt; Old Church Slavonic квасъ ‎(kvasŭ); Polish kwas; Russian квас ‎(kvas); Sanskrit क्वथ ‎(kvatha)
*kwep- to boil Albanian kapit; Gothic 𐌰𐍆𐍈𐌰𐍀𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(afƕapjan); Ancient Greek καπνός ‎(kapnós); Hittite [script needed] ‎(kup); Latin cupiō; Latvian kvēpēt; Lithuanian kvepėti; Old Church Slavonic кꙑпѣти ‎(kypěti); Old Norse hvap; Old Prussian kupsins; Russian кипе́ть ‎(kipétʹ); Sanskrit कुप्यति ‎(kupyati); Tocharian A kāp; Tocharian B kāp