Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/kʷ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*kʷeh₂s- to cough Albanian kollë; Old English hwōsta; Old High German huosto; German Husten; Irish casacht; Kamviri [script needed] (kâsa); Latvian kāsēt; Lithuanian kosėti; Polish kaszleć; Russian ка́шлять (kášljatʹ); Tocharian B kosi; Old Norse hósta; Sanskrit कसाते (kasāte); Welsh pas
*kʷel- to turn
wheel
Ancient Greek πόλος (pólos), πέλομαι (pélomai), πέλω (pélō), κύκλος (kúklos); Latin colō; Tocharian A kukäl; Tocharian B kokale; Sanskrit चक्र (cakrá); Russian колесо́ (kolesó); Old English hwēol; English wheel; Old Persian [script needed] (čarka); Persian چرخ (čarx); Old Irish cul, búachaill; Old Prussian kelan; Ossetian цалх (calx); Polish koło; Avestan [script needed] (čaxra), [script needed] (čaraiti); Albanian sjell; Old Norse hjól, hvel; Lithuanian kẽlias, kãklas; Luwian [script needed] (kaluti-); Welsh ymochel, dymchwel, bochel
*kʷyeh₁- quiet Latin quiēs; Old Norse hvíla; Old English hwil; English while; Old High German hwila; German Weile; Gothic 𐍈𐌴𐌹𐌻𐌰 (ƕeila); Old Church Slavonic почити (počiti); Russian почить (počitʹ); Sanskrit चिरम् (ciram); Avestan [script needed] (šāitiš); Old Persian [script needed] (šiyātiš); Persian شاه (šāh); Lycian [script needed] (tezi); Tocharian B śāte; Polish odpoczywać; Old Armenian հանգչիմ (hangčʿim); Lithuanian tylus
*kʷreyh₂- to buy Sanskrit क्रीणाति (krīṇā́ti); Lithuanian kraitis; Latvian kriens; Old Irish crenaid; Russian кренуть (krenutʹ); Tocharian A kuryar; Persian خریدن (xarīdan); Tocharian B kärys; Ancient Greek ἐπριάμην (epriámēn); Welsh prynu