Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/l

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*laks- salmon Old English leax; Old High German lahs/German Lachs; Latvian lasis; Lithuanian lašiša; Old Norse lax; Old Prussian lalasso; Tocharian A laks/Tocharian B läks; Polish łosoś; Russian лосось(lososʹ)
*las- eager Albanian lus; Ancient Greek λιλαίομαι(lilaíomai); Irish lainn; Latin lascīvus; Lithuanian lokšnus; Russian ласка(laska); Sanskrit लषति(laṣati)
*lat- swamp Gaulish Arelate; Old High German letto/German Letten; Ancient Greek λάταξ(látax); Old Irish lathach/Irish lathach; Latvian Late; Lithuanian Latupė; Welsh llaid
*lebʰ- lip Old English lippa/English lip; German Lippe, Old High German lefs/German Lefze; Kurdish léw; Latin labĭum; Lithuanian lūpa; Persian lab; Russian лобзать(lobzatʹ); Welsh llefaru
*legʰ- to lie down Albanian lagtë, lagje; Old English lecgen/English lie; Gaulish legasit; Old High German liggan/German liegen; Gothic 𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌰𐌽(ligan); Ancient Greek λέχομαι(lékhomai); Old Irish lige/Irish luí; Latin lectus; Latvian lagača; Lithuanian lagaminas; Old Church Slavonic лєжати(ležati); Old Norse liggja; Polish leżeć; Russian лежать(ležatʹ); Tocharian A lake/Tocharian B leke; Welsh lle, gwely
*leh₂w- to acquire Old English lēan/English loan; Old High German lōn/German Lohn; Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌽(laun); Ancient Greek λεία(leía); Old Irish lúag, fo·lud; Polish łowić; Latin lucrum; Lithuanian lavinti; Old Church Slavonic ловъ(lovŭ); Old Norse laun; Russian ловить(lovitʹ); Sanskrit लोतम्(lotam); Welsh llawen
*leh₂w- to pour; wash Albanian laj; Old Armenian լոգանամ(loganam); Old English lēaþor/English lather, lye, lave; Old High German louga/Lauge; Ancient Greek λοῦσις(loûsis); Hittite [script needed](lahhu-); Old Irish lóathar, lúaith; Latin lavō; Old Norse laug; Welsh luddw
*leh₃p- cow Albanian lopë; Latvian luops
*lendʰ- loin; kidney Old English lenden; Old High German lenti/German Lende; Latin lumbus; Old Norse lend; Russian лядвие(ljadvije)
*lewbʰ- to love Albanian lum, laps; Old English lufu/English love; Old High German liob/German Liebe; Gothic 𐌻𐌹𐌿𐌱𐌰𐌽(liuban); Latin lubet, libido; Lithuanian liaupsė; Polish lubić; Old Church Slavonic любꙑ(ljuby); Old Norse ljúfr; Oscan [script needed](loufit); Russian любить(ljubitʹ); Sanskrit लुभ्यति(lubhyati)
*lewǵ- to break Albanian lungë; Old Armenian լոյծ(loyc); Avestan [script needed](fra-uruxti); Old English tōlūcan; German Lücke, Luke; Ancient Greek λυγρός(lugrós); Old Irish lucht; Latin lūgeō; Latvian lauzt; Lithuanian láužti; Sanskrit रुजति(rujati); Welsh llwyth
*lewgʰ- to tell a lie Old English lyge/English lie; Old High German liogan/German lügen; Gothic 𐌻𐌹𐌿𐌲𐌰𐌽(liugan); Old Irish luige; Lithuanian lugoti; Old Church Slavonic лъгати(lŭgati); Old Norse ljúga; Polish łgać; Russian лгать(lgatʹ); Welsh llu
*lewk- bright; light Alb. gloq; Arm. լոյս(loys), լուսին(lusin); Av. [script needed](raočant); Eng. lēoht/light; Gaul. leux; Gm. lioht/licht; Goth. liuhaþ(liuhaþ); Gk. λευκός(leukós); Hitt. [script needed](lalukkes); Ir. loscaim/loiscim; Kamviri [script needed](luka), [script needed](ṛuč); Lat. lūceō, lūx, lūna; Ltv. lauks; Lith. lauka; Luw. [script needed](luha-); Lycian 𐊍𐊒𐊄𐊀(luga); Old Church Slavonic лоуча(luča); ON leygr; Old Prussian lauxnos; Oscan Lúvkis; Russ. луч(luč); Skr. रोचते(rocate); Toch. luk-; Umbrian Vuvçis; Welsh llug, llewych
*lewk- lynx Arm. լուսանունք(lusanunkʿ), Gm. luhs/Luchs, Gk. λύγξ(lúnx), Ltv. lūsis, Lith. lūšis, MIr. lug, Old Eng. lox, Old Prussian luysis, Polish ryś, Russ. рысь (rys')
*ley- to pour Alb. lyse/lise, Goth. leithu, Gk. λείβω(leíbō), Hitt. lilái-, Ir. lie, Kurd. rijyan, Lat. libare, Lith. lieti; lytus, OCS liti, Old Prussian isliuns, Polish lac', Russ. лить (lit'), Skr. रियति (riyati), Welsh llifo; lliant
*leyǵʰ- to lick Arm. լիզեմ(lizem), Av. raēzate, Eng. liccian/lick, Gm. leckôn/lecken, Goth. bilaigon, Gk. λείχω(leíkhō), Kurd. lésínewe, Ir. lígim/, Kamviri liza, Lat. lingere; liggurīre, Ltv. laizīt, Lith. laižyti, Pers. lēsēdan, Polish lizać, ON sleikja, Russ. лизать (lizat'), Skr. लेढि (lehi), Welsh llyo
*leyg- to jump Eng. lācan/lark, Gm. leih/Leich, Goth. laiks, Gk. ἐλελίζω(elelízō)/, Ir. loíg/laogh, Lith. láigyti; liuoksėti, ON leikr, Pers. ālēxtan, Skr. रेजति (rejati)
*leykʷ- to leave Alb. le; la, Arm. լքանեմ(lkʿanem), Av. raexnah, Eng. lǣnan/lend, Gm. līhan/leihen, Goth. leiƕan, Gk. λείπω(leípō), Ir. léicid/, Lat. linquō, Ltv. likt, Lith. likti, ON ljá, Old Prussian polijcki, Pers. rēxtan, Russ. олек (olek), Skr. रिणक्ति (riakti)