Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/l

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*laks- salmon Old English: leax
Old High German: lahs
German: Lachs
Latvian: lasis
Lithuanian: lašiša
Old Norse: lax
Old Prussian: lalasso
Tocharian A: laks
Tocharian B: läks
Polish: łosoś
Russian: лосось (lososʹ)
*las- eager Albanian: lus
Ancient Greek: λιλαίομαι (lilaíomai)
Irish: lainn
Latin: lascīvus
Lithuanian: lokšnus
Russian: ласка (laska)
Sanskrit: लषति (laṣati)
*lat- swamp Gaulish: Arelate
Old High German: letto
German: Letten
Ancient Greek: λάταξ (látax)
Old Irish: lathach
Irish: lathach
Latvian: Late
Lithuanian: Latupė
Welsh: llaid
*leb- lip Old English: lippa
English: lip
German: Lippe
Old High German: lefs
German: Lefze
Kurdish: léw
Latin: labĭum
Lithuanian: lūpa
Persian: lab
Russian: лобзать (lobzatʹ)
Welsh: llefaru
*legʰ- to lie down Albanian: lagtë, lagje
Old English: lecgen
English: lie
Gaulish: legasit
Old High German: liggan
German: liegen
Gothic: 𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌰𐌽 (ligan)
Ancient Greek: λέχομαι (lékhomai)
Old Irish: lige
Irish: luí
Latin: lectus
Latvian: lagača
Lithuanian: lagaminas
Old Church Slavonic: лєжати (ležati)
Old Norse: liggja
Polish: leżeć
Russian: лежать (ležatʹ)
Tocharian A: lake
Tocharian B: leke
Welsh: lle, gwely
*leh₂w- to acquire Old English: lēan
English: loan
Old High German: lōn
German: Lohn
Gothic: 𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌽 (laun)
Ancient Greek: λεία (leía)
Old Irish: lúag, fo·lud
Polish: łowić
Latin: lucrum
Lithuanian: lavinti
Old Church Slavonic: ловъ (lovŭ)
Old Norse: laun
Russian: ловить (lovitʹ)
Sanskrit: लोत (lota)
Welsh: llawen
*leh₂w- to pour
wash
Albanian: laj
Old Armenian: լոգանամ (loganam)
Old English: lēaþor
English: lather, lye, lave
Old High German: louga
German: Lauge
Ancient Greek: λοῦσις (loûsis)
Hittite: [script needed] (lahhu-)
Old Irish: lóathar, lúaith
Latin: lavō
Old Norse: laug
Welsh: luddw
*leh₃p- cow Albanian: lopë
Latvian: luops
*lendʰ- loin
kidney
Old English: lenden
Old High German: lenti
German: Lende
Latin: lumbus
Old Norse: lend
Russian: лядвие (ljadvije)
*lewbʰ- to love Albanian: lum, laps
Old English: lufu
English: love
Old High German: liob
German: Liebe
Gothic: 𐌻𐌹𐌿𐌱𐌰𐌽 (liuban)
Latin: lubet, libido
Lithuanian: liaupsė
Polish: lubić
Old Church Slavonic: любꙑ (ljuby)
Old Norse: ljúfr
Oscan: [script needed] (loufit)
Russian: любить (ljubitʹ)
Sanskrit: लुभ्यति (lubhyati)
*lewǵ- to break Albanian: lungë
Old Armenian: լոյծ (loyc)
Avestan: 𐬟𐬭𐬀-𐬎𐬭𐬎𐬑𐬙𐬌 (fra-uruxti)
Old English: tōlūcan
German: Lücke, Luke
Ancient Greek: λυγρός (lugrós)
Old Irish: lucht
Latin: lūgeō
Latvian: lauzt
Lithuanian: láužti
Sanskrit: रुजति (rujati)
Welsh: llwyth
*lewgʰ- to tell a lie Old English: lyge
English: lie
Old High German: liogan
German: lügen
Gothic: 𐌻𐌹𐌿𐌲𐌰𐌽 (liugan)
Old Irish: luige
Lithuanian: lugoti
Old Church Slavonic: лъгати (lŭgati)
Old Norse: ljúga
Polish: łgać
Russian: лгать (lgatʹ)
Welsh: llu
*lewk- bright
light
Albanian: gloq
Old Armenian: լոյս (loys), լուսին (lusin)
Avestan: 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬗𐬀𐬥𐬙 (raocant)
Old English: lēoht
English: light
Gaulish: leux
Old High German: lioht
German: licht
Gothic: 𐌻𐌹𐌿𐌷𐌰𐌸 (liuhaþ)
Ancient Greek: λευκός (leukós)
Hittite: [script needed] (lalukkes)
Old Irish: loscaid
Irish: loisc
Kamviri: [script needed] (luka), [script needed] (ṛuč)
Latin: lūceō, lūx, lūna
Latvian: lauks
Lithuanian: lauka
Luwian: [script needed] (luha-)
Lycian: 𐊍𐊒𐊄𐊀 (luga)
Old Church Slavonic: лоуча (luča)
Old Norse: leygr
Old Prussian: lauxnos
Oscan: Lúvkis
Russian: луч (luč)
Sanskrit: रोचते (rocate)
Tocharian A: luk-
Umbundu: Vuvçis
Welsh: llug, llewych
*lewk- lynx Old Armenian: լուսանունք (lusanunkʿ)
Old High German: luhs
German: Luchs
Ancient Greek: λύγξ (lúnx)
Latvian: lūsis
Lithuanian: lūšis
Middle Irish: lug
Old English: lox
Old Prussian: luysis
Polish: ryś
Russian: рысь (rysʹ)
*ley- to pour Albanian: lyse, lise
Gothic: 𐌻𐌴𐌹𐌸𐌿 (leiþu)
Ancient Greek: λείβω (leíbō)
Hittite: [script needed] (lilái-)
Old Irish: lie
Kurdish: rijyan
Latin: libō
Lithuanian: lieti, lytus
Old Church Slavonic: лити (liti)
Old Prussian: isliuns
Polish: lać
Russian: лить (litʹ)
Sanskrit: रियति (riyati)
Welsh: llifo, lliant
*leyǵʰ- to lick Old Armenian: լիզեմ (lizem)
Avestan: 𐬭𐬀𐬉𐬰𐬀𐬙𐬈 (raēzate)
Old English: liccian
English: lick
Old High German: leckôn
German: lecken
Gothic: 𐌱𐌹𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌲𐍉𐌽 (bilaigōn)
Ancient Greek: λείχω (leíkhō)
Kurdish: lésínewe
Old Irish: lígid
Kamviri: liza
Latin: lingō, ligguriō
Latvian: laizīt
Lithuanian: laižyti
Old Persian: [script needed] (lēsēdan)
Polish: lizać
Old Norse: sleikja
Russian: лизать (lizatʹ)
Sanskrit: लेढि (leḍhi)
Welsh: llyo
*leyg- to jump Old English: lācan
English: lark
Old High German: leih
German: Leich
Gothic: 𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌺𐍃 (laiks)
Ancient Greek: ἐλελίζω (elelízō)
Old Irish: loíg
Irish: laogh
Lithuanian: láigyti, liuoksėti
Old Norse: leikr
Old Persian: [script needed] (ālēxtan)
Sanskrit: रेजति (rejati)
*leykʷ- to leave Albanian: le, la
Old Armenian: լքանեմ (lkʿanem)
Avestan: 𐬭𐬀𐬈𐬑𐬥𐬀𐬵 (raexnah)
Old English: lǣnan
English: lend
Old High German: līhan
German: leihen
Gothic: 𐌻𐌴𐌹𐍈𐌰𐌽 (leiƕan)
Ancient Greek: λείπω (leípō)
Old Irish: léicid
Latin: linquō
Latvian: likt
Lithuanian: likti
Old Norse: ljá
Old Prussian: polijcki
Old Persian: [script needed] (rēxtan)
Russian: олек (olek)
Sanskrit: रिणक्ति (riṇakti)