Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/m

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*mak- pouch Lith. maišas, Ltv. maks, Ir. mén/, Welsh megin, Gm. mago/Magen, Eng. maga/maw, ON magi, OCS mosina, Russ. мошна (mošna), Polish moszna, Old Prussian dantimax
*mat- mattock Lat. mateola; metere Skr. मत्य (matya), Russ. мотыга (motyga), Polish motyka, Gm. modela, 'Welsh' medi
*med- measure, consider Lat. meditārī; medērī, Welsh meddwl, Gk. μέδω ‎(médō), ON meta, Eng. metan/mete; ǣmtig/empty, Arm. միտ ‎(mit), Skr. मस्ति (masti), Av. azdā, Pers. azdā/, Umbrian meřs, Oscan meddiss, Av. midiur/, Toch. mem/maim, Goth. mitan, Gm. mezzan/messen
*meǵ- great Gk. μέγας ‎(mégas), Lat. magnus, Arm. մեծ ‎(mec), Gaul. Magiorīx, Alb. madh, Skr. महयति (mahayati), Toch. māk/mākā, Goth. mikils, Phryg. meka-, Eng. micil/much, ON mikill, Av. mazant, Pers. mazant/meh, Hitt. makkes; mekkish Ir. maige/, Welsh Maclgwn, Gm. mihhil/— Kurd. mezin
*megʰ- to be able Pers. magus/, Lith. magėti, Ltv. megt, Eng. meaht/might; mæg/may, OCS mogǫ, Gm. magan/mögen, Polish mogę, ON mega, Russ. мочь (moč'), Skr. मघ (magha), Toch. mokats/, Gk. μῆχος ‎(mêkhos), Goth. magan, Arm. մարթանք ‎(martʿankʿ)
*meldʰ- lightning Old Prussian mealde, Lith. milna, Russ. молния (molnija), ON myln; Mjollnir, Welsh mellt; mellen
*melh₂- to grind, rub, break up OCS melję, Russ. мелю (melju), Lith. malti, Ltv. malt, Toch. malyw-/mely-, Eng. melo/meal, Alb. miell, Arm. մալեմ ‎(malem), Gk. μύλη ‎(múlē), Proto-Germ. melwą, Goth. malan, ON mala, Gm. malan/mahlen, Lat. molere, Umbrian kumaltu, Welsh malu, Ir. melim/meilim, Hitt. malla, Polish mleć. Urdu : ملنا،malna /məlna/, مالش,malɪsh /maləsh/,ملائم، molaɪm /mʊla.ɪm/
*melk- wet->milk Lith. malkas, Ltv. malks, Gk. μέλκιον ‎(mélkion), OCS mlĕko, Russ. молоко (moloko), Polish mleko
*men- mind Gk. μένος ‎(ménos), Lat. mēns, Skr. मनस् (manas), Av. manah, Eng. gemynd/mind, Goth. muns, ON minni; man, Gm. minna/Minne, Lith. mintis, Ltv. minēt, Old Prussian mēntimai, OCS mineti, Russ. мнить (mnit'), Alb. mund, Pers. mainyāhay/, Toch. mnu/mañu, Ir. do-moiniur/; dermet/dearmad, Welsh cof, Arm. իմանամ ‎(imanam)
*mer- to die Lat. mortŭus, OCS mrĭtvŭ, Russ. мереть (meret'), Lith. mirti, Ltv. mirt, Skr. मरति (marati), Av. miryeite, Arm. մեռանիմ ‎(meṙanim), Gk. βροτός ‎(brotós) < *μροτός (*mrotos), Eng. morþor/murder, Gm. mord/Mord, ON morð, Goth. maurþr, Gaul. marvos, Kamviri me, Osset. марын (maryn), Polish mor/martwy/umrzeć, Ir. marb/marbh, Welsh marw, Pers. amariyata/mordan, Hitt. mer, Kurd. mirin, Alb. mërshë
*mey- small Hitt. meiu-, Lat. minuere, Gk. μείων ‎(meíōn), OCS mĭnii, Russ. менее (menee), Gm. min/minder, Goth. mins, ON minnr, Skr. मिनाति (mināti), Oscan menvum, Toch. /maiwe, Eng. /minnow, Luw. mawa, Ir. min/mion
*mey- to change Lat. mūnus, Eng. gemǣne/mean, Gm. gimeini/gemein, Goth. gamains, Skr. मयते (mayate); मेनि (meni), OCS mĕna, Russ. менять (menjat'), Lith. mainyti, Ltv. mains, Ir. móin/, Welsh mwyn, Polish zmiana, Av. maēni, Hitt. immiya-
*mon- neck Skr. मन्या (manyā), Lat. monīle; eminere Eng. manu/mane, Gm. mana/Mähne, ON mǫn, Ir. muin/muin, Gk. mannon, Russ. монисто (monisto), Welsh mwng; mwnwgl, Gaul. maniakēs, OCS monisto, Av. manaothri
*mor- blackberry Gk. μόρον ‎(móron), Arm. մոր ‎(mor), Lat. mōrum, Hitt. muri, Ir. smér/smeur, Welsh mwyaren