Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/t

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Root Meaning Derivatives
*tag- to touch Old English: þaccian
Ancient Greek: τεταγών (tetagṓn)
Gaulish: Taximagulus
Old Irish: taise, tais
Latin: tangō
*tark- to twist Sanskrit: तर्कु (tarkú)
Old Prussian: tarkue
Russian: торок (torok)
Tocharian A: tark
Tocharian B: tärk
Ancient Greek: ἄτρακτος (átraktos)
Latin: torqueō
Old High German: drāhsil
German: drechseln
Albanian: tjerr
Old Irish: torc
Welsh: torri
Old English: þweorh
English: thwart
Polish: troki
*teh₂w- to melt Old Church Slavonic: таѥтъ (tajetŭ)
Russian: та́ять (tájatʹ)
Ossetian: тайын (tajyn)
Old English: þawian
English: thaw
Old High German: thouwen
German: verdauen
Old Armenian: թանամ (tʿanam), թան (tʿan)
Ancient Greek: τήκω (tḗkō)
Latin: tabeō
Old Norse: þeyja
Welsh: tawdd, toddi
Old Irish: tám
Sanskrit: तोय (toya)
Lithuanian: tyras
Latvian: tīrelis
Polish: tajać
*teḱs- to plait Latin: textō
Lithuanian: tašýti
Latvian: tešu
Ancient Greek: τέχνη (tékhnē), τέκτων (téktōn)
Russian: тесла (tesla)
Sanskrit: तक्षति (takṣati), तक्षन् (takṣan)
Avestan: 𐬙𐬀𐬱𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (tašaiti), 𐬙𐬀𐬱𐬀 (taša)
Old Persian: [script needed] (ustašana)
Persian: [script needed] (taš), [script needed] (tožel)
Old Church Slavonic: тешѫ (tešǫ), тесла (tesla)
Hittite: [script needed] (takš)
Old Norse: þexla
Old High German: dehsa
German: Dachs
Irish: tál
Albanian: teshë, tollë
*teng- to think Albanian: tangë (Gheg Albanian: tângë)
Old English: þencan
English: think
Old High German: thenken
German: denken
Latin: tongēo
Oscan: [script needed] (tanginúd)
Old Norse: þekkja
Tocharian A: tuṅk-
Tocharian B: taṅkw-
Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐌲𐌺𐌾𐌰𐌽 (þagkjan)
Welsh: tanc
Old Irish: di·thech, for·tach, fortoing
*tep- warm Albanian: ftoh, ftof
Hittite: [script needed] (tapašša)
Old Irish: , teine, timme
Welsh: tân, twym
Old Norse: þefr
Old English: þefian
Old High German: duft
German: Duft, deftig
Sanskrit: तपस् (tápas), तपति (tápati)
Avestan: 𐬙𐬀𐬟𐬥𐬀𐬵 (tafnah), 𐬙𐬁𐬞𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (tāpaiti)
Persian: [script needed] (tab), [script needed] (tafte(h))
Latin: tepeō, tepor
Polish: ciepły
Russian: тёплый (tjóplyj)
Old Church Slavonic: теплость (teplostĭ)
*ter- to cross over Ancient Greek: τέρθρον (térthron)
Albanian: shtir
Hittite: [script needed] (tarḫzi)
Sanskrit: तरति (tárati)
Old High German: dremil
Kamviri: [script needed] (târa)
Avestan: 𐬙𐬀𐬭 (tar)
Old Persian: [script needed] (viyatārayāma)
Ossetian: тӕрин (tærin)
Illyrian: *Taros
Armenian: թարմ (tʿarm)
Latin: terminus
Umbrian: [script needed] (termnome)
Oscan: [script needed] (teremenniú)
Old Norse: þrǫmr
*ter- to shake
tremble
*trem-: Albanian: tremb
Ancient Greek: τρέμω (trémō), τρόμος (trómos)
Latin: tremō
Lithuanian: trimti
Latvian: tremt
Tocharian A: träm-
Tocharian B: tremi
*tres-: Avestan: 𐬙𐬭𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬯𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (trərəsaiti)
Ancient Greek: τρέω (tréō)
Old Irish: tarrach
Latin: terreō
Lithuanian: trišu
Latvian: trisēt
Old Church Slavonic: трѧсѫ (tręsǫ)
Sanskrit: त्रसति (trasati)
Russian: трясти́ (trjastí)
*ters- dry Sanskrit: तृष्यति (tṛṣyati)
Avestan: 𐬙𐬀𐬭𐬱𐬎 (taršu), 𐬙𐬀𐬭𐬱𐬥𐬀 (taršna)
Old Armenian: թառամիմ (tʿaṙamim)), թարշամիմ (tʿaršamim)
Ancient Greek: τέρσομαι (térsomai)
Albanian: ter
Latin: terra, torreō
Old Irish: tart, tír
Old English: þurst
English: thirst
Old High German: durri
German: dürr
Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍃𐌿𐍃 (þaursus)
Old Norse: þurr
Lithuanian: trokšti
Kashmiri: [script needed] (treśiho.t)
*treb- dwelling Latin: trabēs, tribus
Oscan: [script needed] (trííbúm)
Umbrian: [script needed] (tremnu)
Lithuanian: trobà
Latvian: traba
Old English: þorp
English: thorp
Old High German: thorf
German: Dorf
Old Norse: þorp
Ancient Greek: τέρεμνον (téremnon)
Welsh: tref
Middle Irish: treb
*trewd- to press Latin: trūdō
Albanian: tredh, ndrydh
Middle Welsh: cythrud
Middle Irish: trott
Old English: þrēat
English: threat
Old High German: firthriogan
German: verdrießen
Old Norse: þrjóta
Gothic: 𐌿𐍃𐌸𐍂𐌹𐌿𐍄𐌰𐌽 (usþriutan)
Old Church Slavonic: троудъ (trudŭ), троуждѫ (truždǫ)
Russian: труд (trud)