Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/t

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*tag- to touch Old English þaccian; Ancient Greek τεταγών(tetagṓn); Gaulish Taximagulus; Old Irish taise, tais; Latin tangō
*tark- to twist Sanskrit तर्कु(tarkú); Old Prussian tarkue; Russian торок(torok); Tocharian A tark; Tocharian B tärk; Ancient Greek ἄτρακτος(átraktos); Latin torqueō; Old High German drāhsil; German drechseln; Albanian tjerr; Old Irish torc; Welsh torri; Old English þweorh; English thwart; Polish troki
*teh₂w- to melt Old Church Slavonic таѥтъ(tajetŭ); Russian та́ять(tájatʹ); Ossetian тайын(tajyn); Old English þawian; English thaw; Old High German thouwen; German verdauen; Old Armenian թանամ(tʿanam), թան(tʿan); Ancient Greek τήκω(tḗkō); Latin tabeō; Old Norse þeyja; Welsh tawdd, toddi; Old Irish tám; Sanskrit तोय(toya); Lithuanian tyras; Latvian tīrelis; Polish tajać
*teḱs- to plait Latin textō; Lithuanian tašýti; Latvian tešu; Ancient Greek τέχνη(tékhnē), τέκτων(téktōn); Russian тесла(tesla); Sanskrit तक्षति(takṣati), तक्षन्(takṣan); Avestan [script needed](tašaiti), [script needed](taša); Old Persian [script needed](ustašana); Persian [script needed](taš), [script needed](tožel); Old Church Slavonic тєшѫ(tešǫ), тєсла(tesla); Hittite [script needed](takš); Old Norse þexla; Old High German dehsa; German Dachs; Irish tál; Albanian teshë, tollë
*teng- to think Albanian tangë (Gheg tângë); Old English þencan; English think; Old High German thenken; German denken; Latin tongēo; Oscan [script needed](tanginúd); Old Norse þekkja; Tocharian A tuṅk-; Tocharian B taṅkw-; Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌲𐌺𐌾𐌰𐌽(þagkjan); Welsh tanc; Old Irish di·thech, for·tach, fortoing
*tep- warm Albanian ftoh, ftof; Hittite [script needed](tapašša); Old Irish , teine, timme; Welsh tân, twym; Old Norse þefr; Old English þefian; Old High German duft; German Duft, deftig; Sanskrit तपस्(tápas), तपति(tápati); Avestan [script needed](tafnah), [script needed](tāpaiti); Persian [script needed](tab), [script needed](tafte(h)); Latin tepeō, tepor; Polish ciepły; Russian тёплый(tjóplyj); Old Church Slavonic тєплость(teplostĭ)
*ter- to cross over Ancient Greek τέρθρον(térthron); Albanian shtir; Hittite [script needed](tarḫzi); Sanskrit तरति(tárati); Old High German dremil; Kamviri [script needed](târa); Avestan [script needed](tar); Old Persian [script needed](viyatārayāma); Ossetian тӕрин(tærin); Illyrian Taros; Old Armenian թարմ(tʿarm); Latin terminus; Umbrian [script needed](termnome); Oscan [script needed](teremenniú); Old Norse þrǫmr
*ter- to shake; tremble *trem-: Albanian tremb; Ancient Greek τρέμω(trémō), τρόμος(trómos); Latin tremō; Lithuanian trimti; Latvian tremt; Tocharian A träm-; Tocharian B tremi
*tres-: Avestan [script needed](trərəsaiti); Ancient Greek τρέω(tréō); Old Irish tarrach; Latin terreō; Lithuanian trišu; Latvian trisēt; Old Church Slavonic трѧсѫ(tręsǫ); Sanskrit त्रसति(trasati); Russian трясти́(trjastí)
*ters- dry Sanskrit तृष्यति(tṛṣyati); Avestan [script needed](taršu), [script needed](taršna); Old Armenian թառամիմ(tʿaṙamim)), թարշամիմ(tʿaršamim); Ancient Greek τέρσομαι(térsomai); Albanian ter; Latin terra, torreō; Old Irish tart, tír; Old English þurst; English thirst; Old High German durri; German dürr; Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍃𐌿𐍃(þaursus); Old Norse þurr; Lithuanian trokšti; Kashmiri [script needed](treśiho.t)
*treb- dwelling Latin trabēs, tribus; Oscan [script needed](trííbúm); Umbrian [script needed](tremnu); Lithuanian trobà; Latvian traba; Old English þorp; English thorp; Old High German thorf; German Dorf; Old Norse þorp; Ancient Greek τέρεμνον(téremnon); Welsh tref; Middle Irish treb
*trewd- to press Latin trūdō; Albanian tredh, ndrydh; Middle Welsh cythrud; Middle Irish trott; Old English þrēat; English threat; Old High German firthriogan; German verdrießen; Old Norse þrjóta; Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌸𐍂𐌹𐌿𐍄𐌰𐌽(usþriutan); Old Church Slavonic троудъ(trudŭ), троуждѫ(truždǫ); Russian труд(trud)