Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/w

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*wadʰ- to pledge Lat. vas (g. vadis), Ir. fedid/, Welsh arweddu; dyweddio Goth. wadi, ON veð, Eng. weddian/wed; weotuma/-, Gm. wetti/Wette, Lith. vadas; vaduoti; vedù; vedẽklė, Ltv. vadot; vedu, OCS vedǫ; voždǫ, Gk. éedna, Hitt. huettiya, Av. vadayeiti; upāvādayeiti; vadū; vadrya, Skt. vadhú
*wadʰ- to go, to wade Lat. vadere; vadare, vadum, ON vaða, Eng. wadan/wade, Gm. watan/waten, Alb. vete
*wayl- wolf Arm. գայլ (gayl) Ir. fáel/faol, Gaul. vail
*wāt- to blow, inspire Gaul. uāteis, OIr. fáith, Welsh gwawd, ON óðr; Oðinn; Oðinsdagr, Proto-Germanic *Wōdanaz, Skr. अपिवतति (apivatati), Eng. wōð/-; wōd/wood; Wōden/Woden; Wōdnesdæg/Wednesday, Gm. wuot/Wut; Wuotan/Wotan; Wuotanes tac/—, Av. aipivat
*webʰ- to weave Eng. wefan/weave, Gm. weban/weben, ON vefa, Ir. fí, Welsh gwe, Gk. ὑφή (hyphē), Pers. baftan/; bāfad, Skr. उभ्नाति (ubhnāti); ūrṇavābhi, Toch. wäp/wāp, -/wpelme, -/yape, Av. ubdaēna, Alb. vej, Hitt. huppai; huppula
*wobʰes- wasp Eng. wæsp/wasp, Gm. wafsa/Wespe, Lat. vespa, OCS vosa, Russ. оса (osa), Pol. osa, Lith. vapsvà, Old Prussian wobse, Ir. foiche, Welsh gwchi, Av. vawžaka, Baluchi gvabz, Kamviri ušpik
*wed- wet *wódr̥ "water": Eng. wæter/water, OCS вода (voda), Russ. вода (voda), Gk. ὕδωρ (hydōr), Lat. unda, Lith. vanduo, Ltv. ūdens, Skr. उदन् (udán) , Alb. ujë, Ir. uisce/uisge, Hitt. 𒉿𒀀𒋻 (wa-a-tar), Arm. գետ (get), Toch. wär/war, Umb. utur, Goth. 𐍅𐌰𐍄𐍉 (watō), Welsh gwer, ON vatn, Kashmiri odūr, Thrac. udrēnas, Gm. wazzar/Wasser, Phryg. bedu, Pol. woda, OPruss. wundan
*ud-ro- otter Skr. उद्र (udrá), Lat. lutra, Av. udra, Ir. odrán(odoirne)/odar; uydr/-, OCS vydra, Russ. выдра (vydra), Gk. ὕδρος (hydrós)/, Eng. oter/otter, Gm. ottar/Otter, ON otr, Lith. ūdra, Osset. уырд/урдæ (uyrd/urdæ)
*udero- belly Lat. uterus; venter, Skr. उदर (udara), Av. udaras, Lith. vėdaras, Ltv. vēders
*wedʰ- to lead Russ. веду (vedu), Lith. vesti, Ltv. vads, Ir. fedid/fedim, Av. vāðayeiti, Hitt. uwate, OCS vedǫ, Pol. wieść, Welsh arweddu, OPruss west
*weh₁- to blow Eng. weder/weather; wind; wāwan/-, Gm. waian/wehen; Wind, ON vindr, Lat. ventus, Skr. वाति (vā́ti), Gk. ἄημι (aēmi); ātmós, Av. vāiti, Hitt. uwantiš, Lith. vėjas, Ltv. vējš, Old Prussian wins, Toch. want/yente, OCS вѣтръ (větrŭ), Russ. веять (vejat'), Pol. wiać, Welsh gwynt, OIr. feth
*weyd- to see, know Skr. वेत्ति (vetti), Av. vaēða, Gk. εἴδω (eido), Lat. videō, Russ. ведать (vedat'), Phryg. wit-, Eng. witan/wit, Gm. wizzan/wissen, Arm. գէտ (gēt), Kashmiri vūčhūn, Polish widzieć; wiedzieć, ON vita, Goth. weitan, OIr. fis; fiuss; find/fionn, Gaul. Vindomagus, Welsh gwedd; gwŷs; gwyn, Lith. vaidintis, OPruss. widdai, OCS вѣдѣти (vědět)
*weyk- to choose Skr. विनक्ति (vinakti), Av. avavaēk, Lat. victima, Goth. weihan, Eng. wēoh/—, ON vé, Gm. wīhen/weihen
*weyk- victory Lith. veikti, Ltv. veikt, OCS vĕkŭ, Russ. век (vek), ON veig, Gm. wīgan/—, Ir. fichim/, Gaul. Ordovices, Welsh gwych, Eng. wīgan/—, Goth. weihan, Arm. վէգ (vēg), Lat. vincere, Oscan vincter, Polish wiek
*weys- to sprout Lat. virēre; viridis, Eng. wīse/, Gm. wīsa/Wiese, ON vísir, Lith. veisti, Ltv. viest
*weyḱ- village Gm. weihs/, Lith. viešas, Ltv. viesis, Russ. весь (ves'), Av. vīs, Alb. vis, Skr. विश् (viś), Lat. vīcus, Gk. οἶκος (oikos), Polish wieś, Old Prussian waispattin, Toch. /īke, OCS vĭsĭ
*wekʷ- to speak Gk. ἔπος (epos), Skr. वक्ति (vakti), Av. vačah, Gm. giwahanen/erwähnen, Old Prussian wackītwei, Toch. wak/wek, ON váttr, Lat. vōx, Umb. subocau, Ir. foccul/focal; faig; anocht, Welsh gwaethyl, Gaul. Vepolitanos, Hitt. uek
*wel- to wish, desire, want Eng. willan/will, Gm wellan/wollen, Goth. wiljan, ON vilja, OCS. voljo; voliti, Russ. воля (volja), Lith. velyti, Welsh gwell, Lat. volo, Gk. ἔλδομαι (éldomai); ἔλπω (elpō), Skt. वृणोति (vṛṇoti) Av. verenav-
*h₂wĺ̥h₁neh₂ wool Arm. գեղմն (gełmn), Eng. wull/wool, Gm. wolla/Wolle, ON ull, Goth. wulla, Skr. ऊर्णा (ūrā), Av. varənā, Lat. vellus; villus; lāna, Gk. λῆνος (lēnos)/ληνός (lēnos), OCS vlŭna, Russ. волна (volna), Polish wełna, Lith. vilna, Ltv. vilna, Ir. olan/olann, Welsh gwlân, Hitt. hulana, OPruss. wilnis, Pers. gurs
*wem- to vomit Lat. vomere, Gk. ἐμέω/ (emeō/), Skr. वमति (vamati), Av. vam, Lith. vemti, Ltv. vemt, ON váma, OPruss. wynis, Pers. vātāk
*wer- cover *wer-no- "ram": Skr. उरण (uraṇa), Arm. գառն (gaṙn), Gk. ἀρήν (arēn), Alb. rrunjë
*werǵ- to do, to work Gk. ἔργον (ergon), Lat. urgere, Eng. wyrcan/work; weorc/work, Gm. werkon/werken; werah/Werk, ON verka; verk, Goth. waurkjan; gawaurki, Lith verziu, OCS vragu, Ir. fairged/, Arm. գործ (gorc), Av. vareza, Pers. /barz, Toch. wark/
*werh₃- to speak Lith. vardas, Ltv. vārds, Eng. word/word, Russ. врать (vrat'), Skr. व्रत (vrata), Av. urvāta, Hitt. ueria, Gk. εἴρω (eirō), Gm. wort/Wort, ON orð, Goth. waurd, OPruss. wīrds, OIr. fordat, Umb. uerfalem, OCS vračĭ, Lat. verbum
*wes- to dress Alb. vesh, Eng. werian/wear, Gm. werian/Wehr, Goth. wasjan, ON verja, Lat. vestis, Gk. ἕννυμι (hennumi), Arm. զգենում (zgenum), Skr. वस्ते (vaste), Av. vastē, Hitt. waš, Toch. wäs/wäs
*wes- to feast Hitt. weši, Lat. vēscor, Av. vastra, Skr. अनुवावसे (anuvāvase), Welsh gwest, Gm. wist/, MIr. feis; dofeotar, Goth. wists, ON vist, Eng. wist/, Lith. švest, OCS veselŭ, Pol. wesele
*wet- year Gk. ἔτος/έτος (etos/étos), Skr. वत्स (vatsa), Eng. weðer/wether, Gm. widar/Widder, Goth. wiþrus, ON veðr, Hitt. witt, Alb. vjet, Ir. fethim/feithim, Corn. guis, Lith. vetuša, OCS vetŭxŭ, Russ. ветхий (vetxij), Pol. wiotchy, Lat. vetus, Osc. Vezkeí
*weǵ- lively Lat. vegeō, Eng. wacan/wake, Skr. वाज (vāja), Av. vazra, Toch. wasir/wasir, Gm. wahhēn/wachen, Goth. wakan, ON vaka, Pers. vazrka/buzurg
*weǵʰ- to ride Eng. wegan/weigh, Lat. vehō, Oscan veia, Umbrian ar'veitu, Gk. ὄχος (okhos)/, Skr. वहति (vahati), Av. vazaiti, Russ. везти (vezti), Polish wieźć, Alb. vjedh, Gm. biwegan/bewegen, ON vega, Goth. gawigan, Ir. fén/, Welsh gwain, Lith. vežti, Ltv. vest, Old Prussian vessis, Umbrian ařveitu, Gaul. Uecturius, Toch. wkä/yakne, OCS vezǫ
*wi apart, away Skr. वि (vi), Av. vi-, Hitt. na-wi 'not yet', Eng. wið/with; wid/wide, Gm. widar/wieder; wit/weit, Goth. wiþra, ON viðr; viðr
*wih₁-ḱm̥t-íh₁ twenty Lat. vīgintī, Arm. քսան (kʿsan), Alb. njëzet/njizet, Gaul. vocontio, Gk. εἴκοσι (eikosi), Av. visaiti, Ir. foiche/fiche, Kashmiri vuh, Pers. bēst, Kamviri vici, Skr. विङ्शति (viṅśati), Toch. wiki/ikä, Welsh ugain
*winǵʰ- elm Alb. vidh, Russ. вяз (vjaz), Lith. vinkšna, Ltv. vīksna, Eng. wice/Wych Elm, Kurd. viz, Polish wiąz
*worn- raven Lith. varnas, Russ. ворона (vorona), Pol. wrona, Toch. B wrauña, Ir. bran
*wred- root Russ. вред (vred), Eng. wyrt/wort, Gm. wirz/Wurz, Lat. rādīx, Gk. ῥίζα (rhiza), Alb. rrënjë/rrânzë, Welsh gwraidd, Ir. frém/fréamh, Goth. vaurts, ON urt, Toch. B witsako, Pers. riše(h)
*wĺ̥kʷos‎ wolf Lith. vilkas, Ltv. vilks, Eng. wulf/wolf, Lat. lupus, Gm. wolf/Wolf, Gk. λύκος (lukos), Alb. ulk/ujk, Skr. वृक (vṛ́ka), Av. vehrka-, Toch. —/walkwe, Pers. varka/گرگ (gurg, gorg), OPruss. wilkis, Goth. 𐍅𐌿𐌻𐍆𐍃 (wulfs), ON úlfr, OCS влькъ (vlĭkŭ), Russ. волк (volk), Pol. wilk, Luwian walwa
*wr̥-mi- worm Lat. vermis, Goth. waurms, Eng. wyrm/worm, ON ormr, Arm. որդն (ordn), Lith. varmas, Welsh gwraint, Gk. ῥόμος (rhómos), Gm. wurm/Wurm, OPruss. wormyan/urminan, OCS vermije, Alb. rrime