Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/y

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*yeǵ- ice Eng. gicel/icicle, ON jaki, Gm. ichil/gicht, Ir. aig/oighear, Welsh ia, Lith. iža, Ltv. ieze, Russ. икра (ikra)
*yeh₁- year, season Goth. jēr, Eng. gēar/year, Av. yārə, Gk. ὥρα (ōra), Lat. hōrnus, Gm. jar/Jahr, ON ár, Persian dušiyaram/, Lith. jōrė, OCS jara, Russ. яровой (jarovoj), Polish jar
*yes- to boil, to foam Alb gjesh, Eng. gist/yeast, Gm. Gischt, ON jǫstr, Welsh ias, Ir. ess/, Skr. यस्यति (yasyati), Gk. ζέω (zeō), Toch. yäs/
*yewg- to yoke, harness, join Skr. योग, युक्त, युज्