Reconstruction:Proto-Austronesian/Səpat

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This Proto-Austronesian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Austronesian[edit]

Proto-Austronesian cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : *Səpat

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

*Səpat

  1. (cardinal) four

Descendants[edit]

  • Formosan
  • Malayo-Polynesian: *əpat
    • Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian: *əpat
      • Central Maluku
        • East Central Maluku
          • Seram
            • Masiwang: fāt
            • Nunusaku
              • Piru Bay
                • East Piru Bay
      • Central Malayo-Polynesian: *əpat
        • Sumba-Flores
          • Bima: upa
          • Ende-Manggarai
            • Central Flores
              • Ende-Li'o
                • Palu'e: pa
              • Rembong: pat
            • Manggarainese
          • Flores-Lembata
            • Kedang-Lamaholot
              • Lamaholot: pat
          • Sumba
            • Savu
            • Sumba Island
              • Sumbanese
        • Timor-Babar
          • Nuclear Timor
            • West Timor
              • Roti
                • Bilba: ha
          • Southwest Maluku – Kisar
            • Southwest Maluku
      • Eastern Malayo-Polynesian: *pat
        • Halmahera-Cenderawasih: *pat
          • South Halmahera
            • Buli
              • Buli (Indonesia): fat
        • Oceanic: *pat
          • Admiralty Islands
            • Western Admiralty Islands
              • Wuvulu-Aua: fa
          • Central-Eastern Oceanic
            • East Fijian
              • Fijian: va
            • Polynesian: *fa
              • Nuclear Polynesian
                • Ellicean – Eastern Polynesian
                  • Anuta: pa
                  • Ellicean
                    • Kapingamarangi: haa
                  • Tuvalu – Eastern Polynesian
                    • Eastern Polynesian – Northern Outlier
                      • Eastern Polynesian
                        • Marquesic
                          • Hawaiian:
                          • South Marquesan: fa
                        • Rapa Nui: ha
                        • Tahitic
                          • Maori-Moriori
                          • Rarotongan: ā
              • Rennellese: haa
              • Samoan-Tokelauan
              • Tongic
          • Micronesian
            • Gilbertese: a
            • Nuclear Micronesian
              • Kosraean: ah-ŋ
              • Trukic
                • Ponapeic
                  • Pohnpeian: pah
                • Ulithian-Woleaian
                  • Woleaian: faa
          • Western Oceanic
            • Meso-Melanesian
              • Core Meso-Melanesian
                • Saint Matthias
                  • Mussau-Emira: ata
            • North New Guinea
              • Ngero-Vitiaz
            • Papuan Tip
              • Nuclear Papuan Tip
                • North Papuan Mainland – D'Entrecasteaux
                  • Dobu-Duau
      • Kowiai: fat
      • Selaru
        • Selaru: at
      • Yamdena: fate / fat
    • Western Malayo-Polynesian: *əpat
      • Borneo-Philippines
        • Barito
          • East Barito
          • West Barito
            • Northwest Barito
        • North Bornean
          • North Sarawakan: *əpat
            • Berawan-Kelabitic
              • Kelabitic
            • Kayan-Murik
              • Kenyah
              • Modang-Kayan
                • Kayan
                  • Kayan
                    • Rejang Kayan: pat
            • Melanau-Bintulu
              • Bintulu: pat
              • Melanau
                • Central Melanau: pat
        • Philippine: *əpat
          • Greater Central Philippine
            • Central Philippine
              • Tagalog: apat
              • Visayan
                • Cebuano: upát
                • Central Visayan
                  • Peripheral Visayan
                • Western Visayan
            • Gorontalo-Mongondow
              • Gorontalic
              • Mongondowic
            • Mindanao
              • Danao
            • Palawanic
              • Kalamian
                • Calamian Tagbanwa: epat
              • Palawan
                • Palawan Batak: epat
          • Minahasan
            • North Minahasan
          • Northern Philippine
            • Northern Luzon
              • Northern Cordilleran
                • Cagayan Valley
                • Casiguran Dumagat Agta: epát
              • South-Central Cordilleran
                • Central Cordilleran
                  • Nuclear Cordilleran
                    • Bontoc-Kankanay
                    • Ifugao
          • Sangiric: *əpat
          • Southern Mindanao
          • Southern Mindoro
        • Sama-Bajaw
          • Bajaw
            • West Coast Bajau: empat
      • Sunda-Sulawesi
        • Celebic
          • Southeast Celebic
            • Kaili-Pamona
              • Northern Kaili-Pamona
                • Pamona
              • Southern Kaili-Pamona
            • Muna-Buton
              • Muna-Buton Nuklear
                • Munan
                  • Munic
                    • Western Munic
              • Wotu-Wolio
                • Wolio-Kamaru
        • Old Javanese: pat
        • Lampungic: *paʔ
        • Malayo-Sumbawan
        • Northwest Sumatran
          • Batak
            • Northern Batak
            • Southern Batak
          • Northern Barrier
            • Nias-Sikule
            • Simeulue: at
        • South Sulawesi
          • Bugis
          • Makassar
          • Northern South Sulawesi

External links[edit]