Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/Frijjōz dagaz

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *Frijjōz + *dagaz "Day of Frigg", a calque of Latin dīes Veneris (Friday; lit. day of Venus).


  • IPA(key): /ˈɸrij.jɔːz ˈdɑ.ɣɑz/


*Frijjōz dagaz m

  1. Friday


masculine a-stemDeclension of *Frijjōz dagaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *Frijjōz dagaz *Frijjōz dagōz, *Frijjōz dagōs
vocative *Frijjōz dag *Frijjōz dagōz, *Frijjōz dagōs
accusative *Frijjōz dagą *Frijjōz daganz
genitive *Frijjōz dagas, *Frijjōz dagis *Frijjōz dagǫ̂
dative *Frijjōz dagai *Frijjōz dagamaz
instrumental *Frijjōz dagō *Frijjōz dagamiz

See also[edit]


1The origin of frjádagr is unclear, but a loan from West Germanic is considered most likely, in which case Old Saxon could be the West Germanic language that gave the Old Norse form, as Old Saxon was in contact with Old Norse in the south of Denmark. A contraction of reconstructed direct descendant *friggjardagr or *freyjudagr (the latter of which would be derived from Norse god Freyja instead of Frigg), suggested by some, is phonetically implausible. The Faroese form fríggjadagur is the result of skerping, the hardening of close vowels into palatal plosives/affricates before another vowel, which is a regular development in Faroese. The vowel -í- ([ʊi]) in fríggjadagur as opposed to -i- ([ɪ]) likewise shows that it cannot derive from *friggjardagur.