Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/alu

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut-. Cognate with Proto-Slavic *olъ, Old Armenian աւղի (awłi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*alu n[1]

  1. beer, ale

Synonyms[edit]

Inflection[edit]

The nominative singular lacks the final consonant of the stem. This preserves an old sound change from late PIE, where word-final *-t becomes *-d. According to Grimm's Law, *t shifted to , and *d shifted to *t. Following this, word-final *-t was lost regularly.

neuter consonant stemDeclension of *alu (neuter consonant stem)
singular plural
nominative *alu *aluþ
vocative *alu *aluþ
accusative *alu *aluþ
genitive *aluþiz *aluþǫ̂
dative *aluþi *aluþumaz
instrumental *aluþē *aluþumiz

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*aluþ-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 23