Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/arbaidiz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *arbaiþiz. Apparently linked to a verb *arbijaną, *arbāną (be orphaned), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan), whence Ancient Greek ὀρφανός (orphanós), Latin orbus, and Proto-Slavic *orbota, this last yielding Old Church Slavonic рабъ (rabŭ, slave) and работа (rabota, labour, work, job)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑr.βɑi̯.ðiz/

Noun[edit]

*arbaidiz f

  1. labour, work, toil
  2. hardship, suffering

Declension[edit]


Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “Arbeit”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, ISBN 3-11-006800-1