Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/fastuz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Connected with Old Armenian հաստ(hast, firm, steady, standing still, tough; thick, dense, broad), possibly also Sanskrit पस्त्य n(pastyá, stall, stable ← stable habitation), पस्त्या f(pastyā́, homestead, dwelling, household), and usually derived from Proto-Indo-European *pastV-(solid, stable). Kroonen separates the Sanskrit and reconstructs the Proto-Indo-European root for Armenian and Germanic as *pHst-, according to him from earlier *ph₂ǵ-sth₂-, a compound of *peh₂ǵ-(to become firm) (compare Ancient Greek πήγνυμι(pḗgnumi, to fasten, fix, make solid)) and *steh₂-(to stand).

However, according to Martirosyan we are hardly dealing with a Proto-Indo-European word. This is rather a substrate word shared by Armenian, Germanic, possibly also Indo-Aryan. See հաստ(hast) for more on this.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

*fastuz

  1. fixed, firm, secure

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 204b
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “hast”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 390
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fastu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 138