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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Of unclear origin; the word was either borrowed from an unknown language or constructed from native material in late Proto-Germanic. The word has been connected by Walde 1910 to the Ancient Greek words κλίβανος (klíbanos, baker's oven; pan with a lid for baking bread) and κλιβανίτης (klibanítēs, bread baked in a κλίβανος), which according to Beekes is probably a borrowing from an unknown substratum language. The Germanic word could well have been borrowed from the same source.



*hlaibaz m

  1. bread


Usage notes[edit]

According to Kluge, the word probably referred to unleavened bread, whereas *braudą was the (more modern) leavened bread.



  • Kluge, F. and E. Seebold (2002), Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache, 24., durchgesehene und erweiterte Auflage, bearbeitet von Elmar Seebold, (on CD-ROM), Berlin. Entry Laib.
  • Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume I, page 715f
  • Walde, Alois (1910), Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, 2. Auflage. Heidelberg. Entry lībum.