Appendix:Proto-Germanic/panningaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymoloy[edit]

Of unclear origin. Many regard the forms without the medial *-t- or *-d-* as the older ones because the Slavic and Lithuanian loans do not show the reflex of a medial obstruent, which makes it difficult to connect with *pandan- (pledge) (from Latin pondus (weight)). Possibly a loanword from one of these Latin words:

  • panna (pan), with a semantic shift explained as a penny being a "coin with a concave form" (De Vries/De Tollenaere), or
  • pannus (piece of cloth), because cloth was often used as means of payment

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɑn.niŋ.ɡɑz/

Noun[edit]

*panningaz, *pandingaz, *pantingaz m

  1. a coin, penny

Declension[edit]




Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • пенязь in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv
  • Saskia Pronk-Tiethoff (2013), The Germanic loanwords in Proto-Slavic, Rodopi: Amsterdam/New York, page 91f