The original stem ablaut was initially preserved, but lexical split already occurred within the Proto-Germanic period.
The West and East Germanic descendants derive from the oblique stem, while North Germanic preserves both stems but as separate words.
- Old English: wyrt; wyrtwalu (compound with *waluz)
- Old Frisian: wirtel, wortel (compound with *waluz)
- Old Saxon: wurt
- Old Dutch: wurt; *wurtala (compound with *waluz)
- Old High German: wurz; wurzala (compound with *waluz)
- Old Norse rót, urt
- Gothic: 𐍅𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍄𐍃 (waurts)