Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂élyos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *h₂el-(beyond, other).

Determiner[edit]

*h₂élyos

  1. other, another

Inflection[edit]

Thematic pronominal
masculine feminine
nominative *h₂élyos *h₂élyeh₂
genitive *h₂élyosyo *h₂élyosyeh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *h₂élyos *h₂élyoh₁ *h₂élyoy
accusative *h₂élyom *h₂élyoh₁ *h₂élyons
genitive *h₂élyosyo *? *h₂élyoysoHom
ablative *h₂élyosmead *? *h₂élyoymos
dative *h₂élyosmey *? *h₂élyoymos
locative *h₂élyosmi *? *h₂élyoysu
instrumental *h₂élyonoh₁ *? *h₂élyōys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *h₂élyeh₂ *? *h₂élyeh₂es
accusative *h₂élyām *? *h₂élyeh₂n̥s
genitive *h₂élyosyeh₂s *? *h₂élyeh₂soHom
ablative *h₂élyosyeh₂s *? *h₂élyeh₂mos
dative *h₂élyosyeh₂ey *? *h₂élyeh₂mos
locative *h₂élyosyeh₂ *? *h₂élyeh₂su
instrumental *h₂élyeh₂(e)h₁ *? *h₂élyeh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *h₂élyod *h₂élyoy *h₂élyeh₂
accusative *h₂élyod *h₂élyoy *h₂élyeh₂
genitive *h₂élyosyo *? *h₂élyoysoHom
ablative *h₂élyosmead *? *h₂élyoymos
dative *h₂élyosmey *? *h₂élyoymos
locative *h₂élyosmi *? *h₂élyoysu
instrumental *h₂élyonoh₁ *? *h₂élyōys

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic:
    • Slavic: *alje(but)
      • East Slavic:
      • South Slavic:
      • West Slavic:
        • Czech: ale
        • Kashubian: ale
        • Polish: ale
        • Slovak: ale
        • Sorbian:
          • Lower Sorbian: ale
          • Upper Sorbian: ale
  • Celtic: *alyos (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *aljaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *áľľos (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *aljos
  • Tocharian: *alle-kə

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press