Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/átta

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Hypothetically related to Proto-Altaic *ĕ́t`è ‎(elder relative), Proto-Dravidian *átai ‎(female relative (father's sister; grandmother)) and Proto-Eskimo *ata-ata, *ata ‎(father), Sumerian 𒀜𒁕 (AD.DA). The meaning "father" (somewhat expectable from a root like ata-) is actually present in Tamil and Malayalam, but nowhere else in Dravidian. The archaicness of this meaning in Tamil cannot be excluded; more probable, however, is the idea that in Tamil the word has developed a parallel masculine stem by analogy with Proto-Dravidian *ápa ‎(father (honorary)). The latter does have 'masculine' meanings outside of Tamil.

Noun[edit]

*átta m

  1. father

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: atë (attest. 1462, Skanderbeg's counselor)
  • Anatolian:
  • Celtic: *attio
    • Old Irish: aite ‎(foster father, teacher, tutor)
      • Irish: oide ‎(godfather, teacher, coach)
      • Scottish Gaelic: oide ‎(guardian, foster father; stepfather; godfather; teacher)
  • Germanic: *attô
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: ἄττα ‎(átta) (átta)
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Ossetic: ӕда ‎(æda, grandfather)
  • Italic:
  • Slavic: *otьcь (< *otъ + *-ьcь) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]