Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ǵónu

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Noun[edit]

*ǵónu n[1]

  1. knee

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *ǵónu
genitive *ǵnéws
singular dual plural
nominative *ǵónu *ǵónwih₁ *ǵónuh₂
vocative *ǵónu *ǵónwih₁ *ǵónuh₂
accusative *ǵónu *ǵónwih₁ *ǵónuh₂
genitive *ǵnéws *? *ǵnéwoHom
ablative *ǵnéws *? *ǵnúmos
dative *ǵnéwey *? *ǵnúmos
locative *ǵnéw, *ǵnéwi *? *ǵnúsu
instrumental *ǵnúh₁ *? *ǵnúbʰi

or

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *ǵónu
genitive *ǵénus
singular dual plural
nominative *ǵónu *ǵónwih₁ *ǵónuh₂
vocative *ǵónu *ǵónwih₁ *ǵónuh₂
accusative *ǵónu *ǵónwih₁ *ǵónuh₂
genitive *ǵénus *? *ǵénwoHom
ablative *ǵénus *? *ǵénumos
dative *ǵénwey *? *ǵénumos
locative *ǵénu, *ǵénwi *? *ǵénusu
instrumental *ǵénuh₁ *? *ǵénubʰi

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “gju ~ gjû”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 137
  3. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “(UZU)genu- / ganu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, pages 540-541
  4. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*glūnos-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 162
  5. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*knewa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 296
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “γόνυ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 283
  7. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (1999), “keni”, in A dictionary of Tocharian B (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi