Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ǵn̥h₁tós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *ǵenh₁- ‎(to beget, to give birth) +‎ *-tós.

Adjective[edit]

*ǵn̥h₁tós ‎(non-ablauting)[1]

  1. begotten, produced

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *ǵn̥h₁tós *ǵn̥h₁téh₂
genitive *ǵn̥h₁tósyo *ǵn̥h₁téh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *ǵn̥h₁tós *ǵn̥h₁tóh₁ *ǵn̥h₁tóes
vocative *ǵn̥h₁té *ǵn̥h₁tóh₁ *ǵn̥h₁tóes
accusative *ǵn̥h₁tóm *ǵn̥h₁tóh₁ *ǵn̥h₁tóns
genitive *ǵn̥h₁tósyo *? *ǵn̥h₁tóoHom
ablative *ǵn̥h₁téad *? *ǵn̥h₁tómos
dative *ǵn̥h₁tóey *? *ǵn̥h₁tómos
locative *ǵn̥h₁téy, *ǵn̥h₁tóy *? *ǵn̥h₁tóysu
instrumental *ǵn̥h₁tóh₁ *? *ǵn̥h₁tṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *ǵn̥h₁téh₂ *ǵn̥h₁téh₂h₁(e) *ǵn̥h₁téh₂es
vocative *ǵn̥h₁téh₂ *ǵn̥h₁téh₂h₁(e) *ǵn̥h₁téh₂es
accusative *ǵn̥h₁tā́m *ǵn̥h₁téh₂h₁(e) *ǵn̥h₁téh₂n̥s
genitive *ǵn̥h₁téh₂s *? *ǵn̥h₁téh₂oHom
ablative *ǵn̥h₁téh₂s *? *ǵn̥h₁téh₂mos
dative *ǵn̥h₁téh₂ey *? *ǵn̥h₁téh₂mos
locative *ǵn̥h₁téh₂, *ǵn̥h₁téh₂i *? *ǵn̥h₁téh₂su
instrumental *ǵn̥h₁téh₂h₁ *? *ǵn̥h₁téh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *ǵn̥h₁tóm *ǵn̥h₁tóy(h₁) *ǵn̥h₁téh₂
vocative *ǵn̥h₁tóm *ǵn̥h₁tóy(h₁) *ǵn̥h₁téh₂
accusative *ǵn̥h₁tóm *ǵn̥h₁tóy(h₁) *ǵn̥h₁téh₂
genitive *ǵn̥h₁tósyo *? *ǵn̥h₁tóoHom
ablative *ǵn̥h₁téad *? *ǵn̥h₁tómos
dative *ǵn̥h₁tóey *? *ǵn̥h₁tómos
locative *ǵn̥h₁téy, *ǵn̥h₁tóy *? *ǵn̥h₁tóysu
instrumental *ǵn̥h₁tóh₁ *? *ǵn̥h₁tṓys

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press