Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱḗr

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

The nominative singular form is underlyingly */ḱérd/, yielding the surface form *ḱḗr which is itself evident in Ancient Greek κῆρ(kêr) and Hittite 𒆠𒅕(ker). This reconstruction is the only instance in PIE where a loss of */d/ after */r/ with compensatory lengthening of the preceding vowel occurred. It is not clear whether this is an isolated example, or a part of a broader process such as Szemerényi's law.

Noun[edit]

*ḱḗr n ‎(oblique stem *ḱr̥d-)

  1. heart

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *ḱḗr
genitive *ḱr̥dés
singular dual plural
nominative *ḱḗr *ḱérdih₁ *ḱérdh₂
vocative *ḱḗr *ḱérdih₁ *ḱérdh₂
accusative *ḱḗr *ḱérdih₁ *ḱérdh₂
genitive *ḱr̥dés *? *ḱr̥dóHom
ablative *ḱr̥dés *? *ḱr̥dmós
dative *ḱr̥déy *? *ḱr̥dmós
locative *ḱḗr, *ḱérdi *? *ḱr̥dsú
instrumental *ḱr̥déh₁ *? *ḱr̥dbʰí

Descendants[edit]