Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱley-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *ḱel- (to incline).[1]

Root[edit]

*ḱley-[2]

  1. to lean
  2. slope

Derived terms[edit]


  • *ḱl̥-né-y- ~ *ḱl̥-n-y- (nasal-infix present) (often replaced by *ḱli-n-)
  • *ḱley-wos or *ḱloy-wos
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian:
    • Armenian:
      • (perhaps) Old Armenian: լեառն (leaṙn, mountain)
      • (perhaps) Old Armenian: լինիմ (linim, to be)
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Celtic: *klēyos (from the wrong side; left, north)
    • Germanic: *hlinjaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Iranian:
      • Middle Persian [script needed] (srat, ladder)
        • Persian سرت (sart, ladder) (dialectal)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “-clīnō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 121
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag
  • Rix, Helmut (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben (in German), Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill