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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]



  1. to bite, to sting

Derived terms[edit]

  • *(s)merd- ‎(root present)
    • Germanic: *smertaną ‎(to hurt) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *(s)mord-éye- or *h₂mord-éye- ‎(iterative)[1]
  • *smerd-nós
  • Unsorted formations:


  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill