Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/(s)merd-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*(s)merd-[2]

  1. to bite, to sting

Derived terms[edit]


  • *(s)merd- ‎(root present)
    • Germanic: *smertaną ‎(to hurt) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *(s)mord-éye- or *h₂mord-éye- ‎(iterative)[1]
  • *smerd-nós
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  2. ^ Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers