Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-tus

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Suffix[edit]

*(é)-tus m

  1. Derives action nouns from verb roots.

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *(é)-tus
genitive *(Ø)-téws
singular dual plural
nominative *(é)-tus *(é)-tuh₁(e) *(é)-tewes
vocative *(é)-tu *(é)-tuh₁(e) *(é)-tewes
accusative *(é)-tum *(é)-tuh₁(e) *(é)-tuns
genitive *(Ø)-téws *? *(Ø)-téwoHom
ablative *(Ø)-téws *? *(Ø)-túmos
dative *(Ø)-téwey *? *(Ø)-túmos
locative *(Ø)-téw, *(Ø)-téwi *? *(Ø)-túsu
instrumental *(Ø)-túh₁ *? *(Ø)-túbʰi

Derived terms[edit]

Category Proto-Indo-European nouns suffixed with *-tus not found


Descendants[edit]

  • Germanic: *-þuz
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: -τύς ‎(-tús)
  • Italic:
    • Latin: -tum (the supine; exists only in accusative and ablative)
    • Latin: -tus
  • Slavic: -tu