Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/bʰuH-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

  • *bʰuh₂-[1]

Reconstruction[edit]

Some sources such as LIV reconstruct full-grade forms *bʰewh₂- or *bʰweh₂-, solely on the basis of Italic and Celtic preterite and subjunctive stem.[2] According to Jasanoff, this is unjustified, and the root laryngeal cannot be precisely determined.[3]

Root[edit]

*bʰuH-

  1. to become, grow, appear

Derived terms[edit]


Note: In many descendants, this root formed a suppletive verbal paradigm together with other roots, such as *h₁es- and *h₂wes-.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006
  2. ^ Helmut Rix (ed.) (2001), Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben (second edition), Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 98-101
  3. ^ Jay Jasanoff, Hittite and the Indo-European Verb, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, pages 112, 113