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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]



  1. to break

Derived terms[edit]

  • *bʰreg-(root present)
    • Germanic: *brekaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian: *dhar-(hold, stop, bear, carry, receive, hold up right)
  • *bʰr̥-ne-g- ~ *bʰr-n̥-g-(nasal-infix present)
  • Unsorted formations:


  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill