Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]

  • *bʰuh₂-[1]


Some sources such as LIV reconstruct full-grade forms *bʰewh₂- or *bʰweh₂-, solely on the basis of Italic and Celtic preterite and subjunctive stem.[2] According to Jasanoff, this is unjustified, and the root laryngeal cannot be precisely determined.[3]



  1. to become, grow, appear

Derived terms[edit]

Note: In many descendants, this root formed a suppletive verbal paradigm together with other roots, such as *h₁es- and *h₂wes-.


  1. ^ Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006
  2. ^ Helmut Rix (ed.) (2001), Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben (second edition), Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 98-101
  3. ^ Jay Jasanoff, Hittite and the Indo-European Verb, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, pages 112, 113