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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to pull, to draw
  2. to lead (i.e. to pull behind oneself)

Derived terms[edit]

  • *dewk- ‎(root present)
    • Germanic: *teuhaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *doukō (see there for further descendants)
      • Latin: dūcō ‎(lead)
  • *dowk-éye- ‎(causative)
    • Germanic: *taugijaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *duk-s
    • Italic:
  • *duk-is
    • Germanic: *tugiz (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: n-duk ‎(to pull)
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] ‎(tukzi-), [script needed] c ‎(tukkanzi-, cultivation of plants and animals)
    • Celtic: *duke/o-
      • Welsh: dwyn ‎(to bring, steal, lead)
    • Germanic: *tugô, *tugōną, *tugilaz (with an -ila- suffix that denotes instruments), *taugō
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:


  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 181