Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/gʷṓws

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Noun[edit]

*gʷṓws m, f ‎(oblique stem *gʷéw-)

  1. cattle

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: gak ‎(boar)
  • Anatolian:
    • Hieroglyphic Luwian: wawa
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: կով ‎(kov)
  • Armenian: (< *gʷow-io- or *gʷh₃ew-io-)
    • Old Armenian: կոգի ‎(kogi, butter)
  • Balto-Slavic:
    • Latvian: govs
    • Slavic: *govędo < *gʷew-n̥d- (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *bōws, *bow-
  • Germanic: *kūz
    • Old English:
  • Hellenic: *gʷous
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Iranian:
      • Avestan: 𐬔𐬀𐬊 ‎(gao)
      • Baluchi: گوک ‎(gúk, gok)
      • Kurdish:
        • Central Kurdish: گا ‎(ga)
        • Northern Kurdish: ga
        • Southern Kurdish: گا ‎(ga)
      • Mazanderani: گو ‎(gow)
      • Ossetian:
      • Pashto: غوا ‎(ghwā)
      • Middle Persian: TWRA ‎(gāw)
    • Nuristani:
      • Kamviri: go
  • Italic: *gʷōs
    • Oscan: buv-
    • Umbrian: bum (acc.sg.)
    • Volscian: bim < *būm (acc.sg.)
    • Latin: bōs (loanword from Sabellic, the expected Latin form being *ūs/*vōs)
  • Thracian: bonassos
  • Tocharian:
    • Tocharian A: ko
    • Tocharian B: keu