Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁ógʷʰis

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

Beekes reconstructs *h₃égʷʰis because "the absence of reflexes of Brugmann's Law points to IE e-vocalism".

EIEC claims that the original form was acrostatic ablauting *h₁ógʷʰis, genitive *h₁égʷʰis

Noun[edit]

*h₁ógʷʰis f

  1. snake
  2. a mythic serpent or dragon that is slain by a great hero in Indo-European mythology
    *(h₁e)gʷʰent h₁ógʷʰimhe killed the serpent

Usage notes[edit]

*h₂éngʷʰis (snake) has replaced this word in most of the Western and Central Indo-European dialects.

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *h₁ógʷʰis
genitive *h₁égʷʰis
singular dual plural
nominative *h₁ógʷʰis *h₁ógʷʰih₁(e) *h₁ógʷʰeyes
vocative *h₁ógʷʰi *h₁ógʷʰih₁(e) *h₁ógʷʰeyes
accusative *h₁ógʷʰim *h₁ógʷʰih₁(e) *h₁ógʷʰins
genitive *h₁égʷʰis *? *h₁égʷʰyoHom
ablative *h₁égʷʰis *? *h₁égʷʰimos
dative *h₁égʷʰyey *? *h₁égʷʰimos
locative *h₁égʷʰi *? *h₁égʷʰisu
instrumental *h₁égʷʰih₁ *? *h₁égʷʰibʰi

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: իժ ()
  • Germanic: *agiz
  • Hellenic: [Term?]
  • Indo-Iranian: *Háǰʰiš (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: [Term?]
    • Tocharian B: auk

References[edit]