Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂éǵros

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly connected with verbal root *h₂eǵ- (to drive), whence also Latin agō (to drive), Ancient Greek ἄγω (ágō, to lead) and Sanskrit अजति (ájati, to drive, propel, cast).

Noun[edit]

*h₂éǵros m (non-ablauting)[1]

  1. field, pasturage

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
singular
nominative *h₂éǵros
genitive *h₂éǵrosyo
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂éǵros *h₂éǵroh₁ *h₂éǵroes
vocative *h₂éǵre *h₂éǵroh₁ *h₂éǵroes
accusative *h₂éǵrom *h₂éǵroh₁ *h₂éǵrons
genitive *h₂éǵrosyo *? *h₂éǵrooHom
ablative *h₂éǵread *? *h₂éǵromos
dative *h₂éǵroey *? *h₂éǵromos
locative *h₂éǵrey, *h₂éǵroy *? *h₂éǵroysu
instrumental *h₂éǵroh₁ *? *h₂éǵrōys

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: արտ (art) (see there for further descendants)
    • ⇒ Old Armenian: ագարակ (agarak) (a secondary reflex borrowed from an unknown language) (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *akraz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: [Term?]
  • Indo-Iranian: *Háĵras
  • Italic: *agros (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press