Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂éwis

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pooth argues that *h₂éwis and *h₂ówis (sheep) are related and both from a root *h₂ew- (dress, be dressed, clothe oneself).[1] *h₂éwis would mean "the one who is clothed (in feathers)", and *h₂ówis "the one that produces clothing (from wool)", the latter having detransitive or middle meaning marked by *o.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Ringe 2006): IPA(key): *[xáwis]

Noun[edit]

*h₂éwis f[2]

  1. bird

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *h₂éwis
genitive *h₂uyés
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂éwis *h₂éwih₁(e) *h₂éweyes
vocative *h₂éwi *h₂éwih₁(e) *h₂éweyes
accusative *h₂éwim *h₂éwih₁(e) *h₂éwins
genitive *h₂uyés *? *h₂uyóHom
ablative *h₂uyés *? *h₂wimós
dative *h₂uyéy *? *h₂wimós
locative *h₂éwi *? *h₂wisú
instrumental *h₂uyéh₁ *? *h₂wibʰí

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: հաւ (haw, bird; hen)
      • Armenian: հավ (hav, hen)
  • Indo-Iranian: *Háwiš (homophonous with "sheep") (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *awis[3] (see there for further descendants)

Derived terms[edit]

Unsorted formations

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pooth, R. A. (2015): "Proto-Indo-European Nominal Morphology. Part 1. The Noun", Language Arts 1, issue version 2015-12-23, author manuscript version 2015-12-23, 38 pp.
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 143: “*hₐewei- 'bird'”
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “avis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 65-66
  4. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 143: “*hₐō(w)i-om 'egg'”
  5. 5.0 5.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “αίετός”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 35
  6. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “Proto-Indo-European/h₂éwis”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 75