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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Reflex of initial laryngeal can be see in Finnish kalja (from earlier *kaleja or *kaleta).


According to some the original meaning was "a bitter drink" and is related to Latin alūmen (alum) and Ancient Greek ἀλύδοιμος (alúdoimos, bitter, pungent).

The other theory is that it is connected to Proto-Norse ᚨᛚᚢ (alu, something magical), and related to Latvian aluot (be distraught), Ancient Greek ἀλύω (alúō, to be distraught) and Hittite [script needed] (alwanzaḫḫ-, to bewitch, hex). EIEC explains the semantic connection as: The notion would be that beer induced a "high" wherein the drinker was infused with a sort of magical power.



  1. beer


This noun needs an inflection-table template.



  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 60
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “awɫi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 29, 154
  • Abajev, V. I. (1958), “ælūton | ilæton, aluton”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ osetinskovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow, Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, page 129