Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ep-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*h₂ep-

  1. water, body of water

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *h₂ep- not found


  • Unsorted formations:
    • Anatolian: *h₂epo ("river")
      • Hittite: [script needed] ‎(hapa), 𒄩𒉺𒀀 ‎(ḫa-pa-a, toward the river)
      • Luwian: [script needed] ‎(hāpa) / [script needed] ‎(hāpi)
      • Palaic: [script needed] ‎(hāpna)
      • Lycian: 𐊜𐊂𐊀 ‎(χba) / 𐊜𐊂𐊀𐊆 ‎(χbai, to irrigate)
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latvian: upe ‎(brook, river)
      • Lithuanian: ùpė ‎(brook, river)
      • Old Prussian: ape (< *apiā̃)
      • Slavic: [Term?]
        • Old Church Slavonic: вапа ‎(vapa)
    • Celtic: *abū ‎(river) (< *h₂ep-h₃on-)
    • Celtic: *abonā
    • Indo-Iranian: *Hap-
    • Italic:
    • Tocharian:
      • Tocharian A: āp
      • Tocharian B: āp

See also[edit]