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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to dwell, live, reside
  2. to stay, spend the night

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₂wes- ‎(root present)
    • Germanic: *wesaną (only the imperative and past)
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian: *Hwas-
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian: *Hwah- (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂wés-tis
    • Germanic: *wistiz ‎(essence, nature)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: 𒄷𒍑 ‎(ḫu-uš)
      • Luwian: Hieroglyphic: [script needed] ‎(hwisar, game, wild beasts)
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: գոյ ‎(goy, being, existence; God), գոմ ‎(gom, to exist)
    • Celtic: *woso-
    • Italic:
    • Tocharian:
      • Tocharian B: wäs- ‎(to stay, to wait)


  1. ^ Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006