Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₃ekʷ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • *h₃okʷ-

Root[edit]

*h₃ekʷ-

  1. to see, eye

Derived terms[edit]


Noun[edit]

*h₃ekʷ-

  1. eye

Inflection[edit]

No plural form existed, only a dual form, ending in *-ih₁.

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: sy (from dual form)
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: ակն ‎(akn, eye)
    • Old Armenian: աչք ‎(ačʿkʿ, both eyes), from the dual form *h₃(o)kʷih₁
    • Old Armenian: յաւն ‎(yawn, eyebrow) (possibly)
  • Balto-Slavic: *ak-
  • Celtic:
    • Old Irish: enech ("face", from *h₁eni-h₃kʷ-o-)
    • Welsh: enep ("face", from *h₁eni-h₃kʷ-o-)
  • Germanic: *augô (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: ὤψ ‎(ṓps) ("eye, face"), ὄσσε ‎(ósse) ("eyes") (from dual form: < *okʷye < *h₃ekʷ-ih₁), ὄμμα ‎(ómma) ("eye") (< *h₃okʷmṇ)
  • Indo-Iranian:
  • Iranian:
    • Avestan: aši ("both eyes"), ainīka- ("face", from *h₁eni-h₃kʷ-o-)
    • Kurdish: enî (forehead)
  • Italic
    • Latin: oculus (< ōkʷelo-s) (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *ëk