Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₃reǵ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*h₃reǵ-[1][2]

  1. to straighten, to right oneself
  2. right
  3. just

Derived terms[edit]


  • *h₃réǵ-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *h₃r̥-ne-ǵ-ti ~ *h₃r̥-n-ǵ-énti (nasal-infix present)
    • Germanic: *rankaz (upright) (derived from an unattested verb *rinkaną[2]) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *h₃roǵ-éye-ti (causative)
  • *h₃rḗǵ-s (king)
  • *h₃reǵ-tó-s (straightened, right)
  • *h₃réǵ-u-s ~ *h₃r̥ǵ-éw-s
  • *h₃roǵ-o-s
    • Germanic: *rakaz
      • English: rake (trail, path)
    • Italic:
  • *h₃reǵ-dʰleh₂
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Celtic: *rextus
      • Brythonic:
        • Welsh: rhaith (law)
        • Breton: reiz (law, order)
      • Old Irish: recht
    • Germanic: *rekanōną (to count, to calculate) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill