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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to straighten, to right oneself
  2. right
  3. just

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₃reǵ- ‎(root present)
    • Celtic:
    • Germanic: *rekaną ‎(rake up, pile up, heap up) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
    • Italic:
  • *h₃r̥-ne-ǵ- ~ *h₃r̥-n-ǵ- ‎(nasal-infix present)
    • Germanic: *rankaz ‎(upright) (derived from an unattested verb *rinkaną[2]) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *h₃roǵ-éye- ‎(causative)
  • *h₃rḗǵ-s ‎(king)
  • *h₃reǵ-tós ‎(straightened, right)
  • *h₃roǵ-os
    • Germanic: *rakaz
      • English: rake ‎(trail, path)
  • Unsorted formations:


  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  2. 2.0 2.1 Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers