Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kh₂ptós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *keh₂p- +‎ *-tós.

Adjective[edit]

*kh₂ptós ‎(non-ablauting)[1]

  1. seized, captured

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *kh₂ptós *kh₂ptéh₂
genitive *kh₂ptósyo *kh₂ptéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *kh₂ptós *kh₂ptóh₁ *kh₂ptóes
vocative *kh₂pté *kh₂ptóh₁ *kh₂ptóes
accusative *kh₂ptóm *kh₂ptóh₁ *kh₂ptóns
genitive *kh₂ptósyo *? *kh₂ptóoHom
ablative *kh₂ptéad *? *kh₂ptómos
dative *kh₂ptóey *? *kh₂ptómos
locative *kh₂ptéy, *kh₂ptóy *? *kh₂ptóysu
instrumental *kh₂ptóh₁ *? *kh₂ptṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *kh₂ptéh₂ *kh₂ptéh₂h₁(e) *kh₂ptéh₂es
vocative *kh₂ptéh₂ *kh₂ptéh₂h₁(e) *kh₂ptéh₂es
accusative *kh₂ptā́m *kh₂ptéh₂h₁(e) *kh₂ptéh₂n̥s
genitive *kh₂ptéh₂s *? *kh₂ptéh₂oHom
ablative *kh₂ptéh₂s *? *kh₂ptéh₂mos
dative *kh₂ptéh₂ey *? *kh₂ptéh₂mos
locative *kh₂ptéh₂, *kh₂ptéh₂i *? *kh₂ptéh₂su
instrumental *kh₂ptéh₂h₁ *? *kh₂ptéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *kh₂ptóm *kh₂ptóy(h₁) *kh₂ptéh₂
vocative *kh₂ptóm *kh₂ptóy(h₁) *kh₂ptéh₂
accusative *kh₂ptóm *kh₂ptóy(h₁) *kh₂ptéh₂
genitive *kh₂ptósyo *? *kh₂ptóoHom
ablative *kh₂ptéad *? *kh₂ptómos
dative *kh₂ptóey *? *kh₂ptómos
locative *kh₂ptéy, *kh₂ptóy *? *kh₂ptóysu
instrumental *kh₂ptóh₁ *? *kh₂ptṓys

Descendants[edit]

  • Celtic: *kaxtos (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *haftaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *kaptos
    • Latin: captus (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press