Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/med-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*med-[1]

  1. to measure
  2. to give advice
  3. healing

Derived terms[edit]


  • *mḗd-eti ~ *méd-eti (thematic root present)[2][3]
    • Celtic: *medeti (to measure, judge)[4][5]
    • Germanic: *metaną (to measure)[3] (see there for further descendants)
      • ⇒ Germanic: *mētiz (estimable) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: μέδω (médō, to protect)
      • Ancient Greek: μέδομαι (médomai, to provide for)
      • Ancient Greek: μήδομαι (mḗdomai, to deliberate, estimate)
  • *med-eh₁-(ye)-ti (stative)[2]
  • *mēd-yé-ti (o-grade ye-present)[6]
  • *méd-tus[4][5]
  • *mḗd-os ~ *méd-os[5]
  • *mod-ós[5]
    • Italic: *modos
      • Latin: modus (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: *matśi
      • Albanian: mas
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Iranian:
        • Eastern Iranian:
        • Old Persian [script needed] (azdā)
        • Western Iranian:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. 2.0 2.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*med-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 423
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*metan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 367}
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*med-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 261
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “medeor”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 368
  6. 6.0 6.1 Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “maim”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, page 507