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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to measure
  2. to give advice
  3. healing

Derived terms[edit]

  • *med- ‎(root present)
  • *med-eh₁-(ye)- ‎(stative)
  • *méd-tus
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: mess ‎(judgement)
  • *mod-os
    • Italic:
      • Latin: modus (see there for further descendants)
  • *mēd-is
    • Germanic: *mētiz ‎(estimable) (see there for further descendants)
  • *mēd-eh₂
    • Germanic: *mētō ‎(measure, size) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: *matśi
      • Albanian: mas
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: միտ ‎(mit)
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: midithir ‎(to measure, to judge)
    • Germanic: *metōną (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Iranian:
        • Eastern Iranian:
        • Old Persian [script needed] ‎(azdā)
        • Western Iranian:
    • Tocharian: *meim (< *mei < *mēdye/o-)
      • Tocharian A: mem
      • Tocharian B: maim


  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers