Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/med-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*med-[1]

  1. to measure
  2. to give advice
  3. healing

Derived terms[edit]


  • *med-(root present)
  • *med-eh₁-(ye)-(stative)
  • *méd-tus
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: mess(judgement)
  • *mod-os
    • Italic:
      • Latin: modus (see there for further descendants)
  • *mēd-is
    • Germanic: *mētiz(estimable) (see there for further descendants)
  • *mēd-eh₂
    • Germanic: *mētō(measure, size) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: *matśi
      • Albanian: mas
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: միտ(mit)
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: midithir(to measure, to judge)
    • Germanic: *metōną (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Iranian:
        • Eastern Iranian:
        • Old Persian [script needed](azdā)
        • Western Iranian:
    • Tocharian: *meim (< *mei < *mēdye/o-)
      • Tocharian A: mem
      • Tocharian B: maim

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill